Seek Truth, Know Truth.

Archive for October 2007

  • The punishment for those who had taken the Qur’aan and then ignored it and for the one who sleeps through the time of the prescribed prayer.

Samurah bin Jundub narrated that Rasoolillah(SAW) said “…We came upon a man who was lying down, and another standing over him with a rock. He then hit him with the rock, split his head and the rock rolled away. So he followed the rock and retrieved it. When he returned to him his head had returned to how it was previously.The explanation came at the end of the hadeeth by the statement of the two angels to the Messenger of Allah (SAW): As for the first man that you came upon whose head was being split with a rock; this was a man who had taken the qur’aan and then ignored it, and had slept through the time of the prescribed prayers. In another narration, he said:….So this will continue to be done to him until the Day of Resurrection.”

  • The punishment of the liar

We also find in the hadeeth of Samurah bin Jundub: “…We departed until we came upon another man who was lying flat on his back, while another stood over him with an iron hook. He approached the one who was miserable looking. He faced him and ripped open his mouth up to his neck, and his nose up to his neck, and his eye up to his neck. He then went over to the other side and did the same as he had done to the first side. He had hardly completed this side when the other sider eturned to its normal state. He then returned to it and did what he done the first time.” At the end of the hadeeth he said: “…As for the man that you came upon who had his mouth ripped up to his neck, his nose ripped up to his neck, and his eyes ripped up to his neck; this was a man who used to leave his house, spreading lies and circulating them everywhere. In another narration it says: So this will continue to be done to him until the Day of Resurrection.”

  • The punishment of the adulterer and the adulteress.

In the same hadeeth we also find mentioned: “…We departed until we came upon a clay lined pit. I think he said: There was much noise and clamour. We looked into it and saw naked men and women, and a flame was flaring from beneath them. Whenever that flame reached them, they screamed. The explanation about them came in the hadeeth: …As for the naked men and women who were in the clay lined pit; they were men and women who committed adultery.”

  • The punishment for the one who consumes interest.

In the previous hadeeth this is also explained: …We departed until we reached a river. (I think he said: It was red like blood). In this river a man was swimming and on the bank of the river there was a man who had gathered around him many rocks. The one who who was swimming in the river, swam as much as he could, then he came to the one who had all the rocks gathered around him.He opened his mouth for him, and the other man threw a rock into it. He left, and continued to swim. Then he returned to him; and every time he returned to him, he opened his mouth for him and the other man threw a rock into it.at the end of the hadeeth it said: …As for the man whom you came upon swimming in the river, who had rocks thrown into his mouth; he was of those who consumed usury. (Bukhari volume 2, Book 23, Number 468)

  • The punishment for the one who does not protect himself from urine.

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: The most prevalent punishment of the grave is due to urine. [It is in Saheeh al-Jaami’ (3866)]

  • The punishment is increased for the unbeliever because of the weeping of his family over him.

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “Allah increases the punishment for the unbeliever because of the weeping of his family over him.” [Related by an-Nisaa’ee]

  • The dead is punished because of lamentation over him.

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “The dead is punished in his grave because of lamentation over him.” [Related by Bukhari and Muslim. However if he advised them not to lament over him then he is not punished.]

  • The dead is punished because of what some of his family say about him.

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “There is no single person who dies and among his mourners one stands up and cries: O you who we used to rely on! O you who used to support us! Except that two angels will be assigned to him saying: Were you like this.” [Related by Tirmidhee]

  • The punishment for the one who used to carry tales.

It was related from Ibn Abbaas that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) passed by two graves and he said: “Indeed these two are being punished; and they are not being punished for something minor. No, on the contrary it is something very major. As for one of them; he used to carry tales. As for the other, he never guarded himself from his urine.” [Related by Bukhaaree and Muslim]

Ibraheem ibn Adham was approached by a man who wanted to stop his sins. He asked for advice that will help him realize the consequences of his actions. He was told:

If you want to disobey Allah, you can, in 5 cases:

1- If you want to disobey Allah, then don’t eat from His rizq (provision.)
The man said: Then where am I to eat when every provision is from Allah?

Ibraheem said: O such a person! Is it honorable and good to disobey Allah, and eat from His provision?
The man said: give me the second one.

2- If you want to disobey Allah, then do not live on Allah’s property.
The man said: Then where am I to live if not on Allah’s property?

Ibraheem said: Is it good then, to eat from His provision, live on His property, and disobey Him?
The man said: Give me the third one.

3- If you want to disobey Allah, then disobey Him in a place where He will not see you.
The man said: How am I to do this when He not only sees what others see, but what is in the hearts?

Ibraheem said: o you such a person, how do you eat from His provision, live on His property, and disobey Him openly?
The man said: Give me the fourth one.

4- If you want to disobey Allah, when the Angel of Death comes to you, tell him to come back later, after you repent.
The man said: He will not accept this from me!

Ibraheem said: O you such a person, when you cannot delay death, how do you expect a savior?
The man said: Give me the fifth.

5- If you want to disobey Allah, then after death comes to you, on the Day of Judgement, when the Angels of Hell come to drag you into Hell, refuse to go with them.
The man said: They will not accept that from me!

Ibraheem said: Then how do you expect to be saved?
The man said: Enough! Enough! I seek forgiveness in Allah and make tawbaah! AstaghfirAllah wa i’tubuu ilayk!

He made sincere tawbaah, and left all his acts of disobedience, and he died in such a state.

The Qur’ân and Sunnah speak frequently and emphatically about the fact that a worshipper who repents and asks forgiveness for his sins will be forgiven and will not be asked about those sins again. In fact, Allah tells us that those sins will be exchanged for good deeds.

Allah says: “Except those who repent and believe and work righteous deeds, for them Allah will change their evil deeds to good deeds, and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” [Sûrah al-Furqân: 70]

Ibn Kathîr discusses the issue of evil deeds being changed to good deeds in his Tafsîr, saying:

There are two opinions on what it means…The second opinion is that those evil deeds that have passed are turned into good deeds by way of the true and sincere repentance itself. This is because every time that person remembers what he had done, he regrets it, feels remorse, and seeks Allah’s forgiveness. In this way, the sin becomes an act of obedience. On the Day of Judgment, even if he finds those sins recorded against him, they do him no harm and are turned into good deeds on the page of his account. This is what is established by the Sunnah and by the statements related to us from the Pious Predecessors.

 

Here is the text of that hadîth:

 

Allah’s Messenger said: “Indeed, I know the last person to leave the Hellfire and the last person to enter Paradise. A man will be brought and it will be said: ‘Set aside his major sins and ask him only about his minor ones.’ It will be said to him: ‘On a certain day did you do such deeds and on a certain day did you do such a deed?’ He will say: ‘Yes’, unable to deny anything of it. Then it shall be said to him: ‘For you is a good deed for each of those evil deeds.’ Then he will say: ‘O My Lord! I did other things that I do not see (recorded) here!’”

Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) laughed until we could see his molar teeth. [Sahîh Muslim (190)]

The human being, by nature, is prone to err. This is why the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Every descendant of Adam is oft to err, and the best of those who err are those who are oft to repent.” [Sunan al-Tirmidhî (2499) and Sunan Ibn Mâjah (4251)]

The Prophet (peace be upon him) also said: “If you were to not commit sins, Allah would remove you and replace you with a people who would commit sins and then seek Allah’s forgiveness, so Allah could forgive them.” [Sahîh Muslim (2749)]

Ibn al-Hanafiyyah relates from `Alî that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Indeed Allah loves the believing servant who falls into trials and then repents.” [Musnad Ahmad (605, 810) with a weak chain of transmission]

Ibn Hajar al-`Asqalânî mentions this statement in Fath al-Bârî with the wording: ‘The best of you are those of you who fall into trials and then repent.” quoting it from Musnad al-Firdaws from `Alî.

Therefore, we must make ourselves upright and not pine over our past faults. We must know that none of us are going to gain admission into Paradise by virtue of our deeds, but only by Allah encompassing us with his mercy and His grace.

The believer may very well at times be weak and indulgent. However, he does not establish himself upon a sin and he does not persist in his heedlessness. He neither despairs of Allah’s mercy nor sees renewal as hopeless. Instead, he resolves himself to seek Allah’s forgiveness and to follow up his evil deed with works of righteousness. He knows for certain that Allah is the Most Merciful of all and the best in forgiveness.

Allah’s mercy encompasses all things. Allah says: “Indeed the mercy of Allah is near to those who do good.” [Sûrah al-A`râf: 56]

We should resolve, then, to be from among those who do good.

We must make it our habit to remember Allah, to thank Him, and to seek His forgiveness, for indeed good deeds wipe away evil ones. If we slip and commit a sin, we must make sure not to follow it up with another sin.

Instead, we must hasten to what is good and wipe away the effect of that evil deed from our slate. We must cleanse our countenance of it and remove its pain from our souls.

The believer knows that he has no power on his own to turn from sin to obedience, from heedlessness to awareness, and from weakness to strength, except by the grace of Almighty Allah. Therefore, we ask Allah, by his grace and generosity, to turn us towards Him by his mercy, forgive us, and not to leave us to our own devices.


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