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THE BATTLE OF BANU AL-MUSTALIQ

Posted on: November 14, 2007

According to Al-Bukhari, this battle is also called the battle of Al-Muraisi. It took place, according to Ibn Ishaq, in the 6th year of Hijra. Musa Ibn Uqbah, however, said, “It was in the 4th year of Hijra.” Az’Zuhari said, “The story of the forged statment against Ashah (may Allah be pleased with her) was during the battle of Al-Muraisi”

According to Ibn Ishaq, the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) received news that Banu Al-Mustaliq were gathering together against him. Their leader was Al-Harith Ibn Abu Dirar, the father Juwairiyah, whom the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) married afterwards. On hearing about them, the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) went out and met them at a watering place of theirs called Al-Muraisi in the direction of Qudayd towards the shore. There was a fight and Allah put Banu Al-Mustahiq to flight and killed some of them and gave the Messenger their wives, children, and property as booty,

Al-Bukhari narrated that Abdullah Ibn Awn said, “I wrote a letter to Nafi wrote in reply to my letter that had suddenly attacked Banu Al-Mustaliq without warning while they were heedless and their cattle were being watered at the places of water. Their fighting men were killed and their women and children were taken as captives; the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) got Juwairiyah on that day. Nafi said that Ibn Umar had told him the above narration and that Ibn Umar was in the army.”

Al-Bukhari also narrated that Ibn Muhairiaz said “I entered the Mosque and saw Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri and sat beside him and asked him about Al-Azl (coitus interruption). Abu Sa’id said, “We went out with the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) for the Ghazwah of Abnu Al-Mustaliq and we received captives from among the Arab captives and we desired women and celibacy become hard on us and we loved to do coitus interruption. So when we intended to do coitus interruption us, we said, “‘How can we do coitus interruption before asking Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) who is present among us?’ We asked about it and he siad,

‘It is better for you not to do so, for if any soul (until the Day of resurrection) is predestined to exist.’ “

On they day of Banu AL-Mustaliq, a Muslim of Banu Kalb Ibn Awf Ibn Amir Aibn Layth Ibn Bakr was killed by a man of the Ansar of the family of Ubadah Ibn As-Samit who thought he was an enemy and killed him in error. Due to their hostility to Islam and Muhammad the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), the hypocrites tried to divide the Muslims and ruin their unity. However, the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was keen enough to deal with their devices wisely.

THE STORY OF ‘IFK’

‘Ifk’ is an Arabic word that means ‘Iying’. Hear, it refers the forged statement against ‘Aishah, (may Allah be pleased with hem) which the hypocrite said. In the Sahih, Al-Bukhari narrated the whole story of Ifk on the authority of Aishah (may Allah be pleased with her) who said, “Whenever Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) intended to go on a journey, he used to draw lots amongst his wives, and Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to take with him the one on whom lot fell. He drew lots amongst us during one of the Ghazeat, which he fought. The lot fell on me and so I proceeded with Allah’s Messenger after Allah’s order of Hijab (veiling the women) had been revealed. I was carried (on the back of a camel) in my howdah and carried down while still in the (when we come to a halt). So we went on until Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) had finished from that Ghazwah of his and returned.

When we approached the city of Medina, He announced at night that it was time for departure. So when they announced the news of departure, I got up and went away from the army camps, and after finishing from the call of nature, I come back to my riding animal. I touched my chest to find that my necklace, which was made of Zifar beads (Yemenite beads partly black and partly white), was missing. So I returned to look for my necklace and my search for it detained me. The people who used to carry me on camel came and took my howdah and put it on the back of my camel on which I used to ride, as they considered that I was in it. In those days women were light in weight for they did not get fat, and flesh did not cover their bodies in abundance as they used to eat only a little food. Those people therefore, disregarded the lightness of the howdah while lifting and carrying it; and at the time I was still a young girl. They made the camel rise and all of them left (along with it). I found my necklace after the army had gone.

Then I came to their camping place to find no call maker of them, nor one who would respond to the call. So I intended to go to the place where I used to stay, thinking that they would miss me and come back to me (in my search). While I was sitting in my resting-place, I was overwhelmed by sleep and slept. Safwan Ibn Al-Mu’attal As Sulami Adh-Dhakwani was behind the army. When he reached my place in the morning, he saw the figure of a sleeping person and he recognized me on seeing me as he had seen me before the order of compulsory veiling (was prescribed). So I woke up when the recited Istirja (Inna Lillahi wa inna llaihi raji’un”) as soon as he recognized me. I veiled my face with my head cover at once, and by Allah, we did not speak a single word, and I did not hear him saying any word besides his Istirha’. He dismounted form his camel and made it kneel down, putting his leg on its front legs and then I got up and rode on it. Then he set out leading the camel that was carrying me until we overtook the army in the extreme feat of midday while they were at a halt (taking a rest). (Because of the event) some people brought destruction upon themselves and the one who spread the Ifk (slander0 more, was Abdullah Ibn Ubai Ibn Salul.”

Oureah said, “The people propagateed teh slander and talked about it in his (Abdullah’s) presence and he confirmed it and listened to it and asked about it to let it prevail.” Urwah also added, “None was mentioned as members of the slanderous group besides (Abdullah) except Hassan Ibn Thabit and Mistah Ibn Uthatha nad Hamnah bint Jahsh along with others about whom I have no knowledge, but they were a group as Allah said. It is said that the one who carried most of the slander was Abdullah Ibn Ubai Ibn Salul.” Urwah added, ” Aishah disliked having Hassan abused in her presence and she used to say, ‘It was he who said: Myfather and his father and my honor are all for the protection of Muhammad’s honor form you.”)

Aishah continued, saying, “After we returned to Medina, I become ill for a month. The people were propagating the forged statements of the slanderers while I was unaware of anything of all that, but I felt that in my present aliment, I was not receiving the same kindness from Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) as I used to receive when I got sick. Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) would only come, greet me and say, ‘How is that (lady)?’ and leave. That roused my doubts but I did not discover the evil until I went out after my convalescence, I went out with Umm Mistah to Al-Manasi where we used to answer the call of nature and we used not to go out (to answer the call of nature) except at night, and that was before we had latrines near our houses. And this habit of our concerning evacuating the bowels, was similar to the habits of the old Arabs living in the deserts, for it would be troublesome for us to take latrines near our houses. So I and Umm Mistah who was the daughter of Abu Ruhm Ibn Al-Muttalib Ibn Abd Manaf, whose mother was the daughter of Sakhr Ibn Amr and the aunt of Abu Bakr As-Siddiq adn whose son was Mistah Ibn Uthatha Ibn Abbas Ibn Al-Muttalib, went out. I and Umm Mistah returned to my house after we finished answering the call of nature. Umm Mistah stumbled by getting her foot entangled in her covering sheet and on that she said, ‘Let Mistah be ruined.’ I said, ‘What a hard word you have said. Do you abuse a man who took part in the battle of Badr?’ On that she said, ‘O you Hantah! Didn’t you hear what he said, ‘I said, “What did he say?’

They she told me the slander of the People of Ifk. So my ailment was aggravated, and when I reached my home, Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) came to me, and after greeting me, said, ‘How is that (Lady)?’ I said, “Will you allow me to go to may parents?’ as I wanted to be sure about the news through them. Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) allowed me (I went to my parents) and asked my mother, ‘O Mother! What are the people talking about?’ she said, “O my daughter! Don’t worry, for scarcely is there a charming women who is loved by her husband and whose husband has other wives besides herself that they would find faults with her. I said, ‘Subhan-Allah (Glory be to Allah). Are the people really talking in this way?’ I kept on weeping that night until dawn. I could neither stop nor sleep then in the morning again I kept on weeping when the Divine Inspiration was delayed.

Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) called Ali Aibn Abi Talib and Usamah Ibn Zaid to ask and consult them about divorcing me. Usamah Ibn Zaid said what he knows of my innocence, and the respect he preserved in himself for me. Usamah said. ‘O Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) She is your wife and we do not know anything except good about her.” Ali Ibn Abi Talib said. ‘O Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) Allah dose not put you in difficulty and there are plenty of women other than she, yet ask the maid servant who will tell you the truth. ‘On that Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) called Barira and said, “O Barira! Did you ever see anything which aroused your suspicion?’ Barira said to him, ‘By Him Who has sent you with the Truth. I have never seen anything in her (Aishah) which I would conceal, except that she is a young girl who sleeps leaving the dough of her family exposed so that the domestic goats come and eat it’

So, on that day, Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) got up on the pulpit and complained about Abdullah Ibn Ubai before his Companions, Saying,

“O you Muslims! Who will relieve me from that man who has hurt me with his evil statement about my family? By Allah, I know nothing except good about my family and they have beamed a man about whom I know nothing except good and he used never to enter my home except with me.”

Sa’d Ibn Mu’ad, the brother of Banu Abd Al-Ashhal, got up and said, ‘O Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessing of Allah be upon him)! I will relieve you from him; if he is from the tribe of Al- Aws, then I will chop his head off, and if he is from our btothers, (Al-Khazraj) then order us, and we will fulfill your order.’ On that, a man form Al-Khazraj got up. Umm Hassan, his cousin, was from his branch tribe, and he was Sa’d Ibn Ubadah, chief of Al-Khazaj. Before this incident, he was a pious man, but his love for his tribe led him into saying to Sa’d, ‘By Allah, you have told a lie; you shall not and cannot kill him. If he belonged to your people, you would not wish him to be killed.’ On that Usaid Ibn Hudair who was the cousin of Sa’d got up and said to Sa’d Ibn Ubahah, ‘By Allah! You are lair! We will surely kill him, and you are a hypocrite arguing on the behalf of hypocrites.’ On this, the two tribes of Al-Aws and Al-Khazaj got so much excited that they were about to fight while Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) was standing on the pulpit. Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) kept on calming them until they become silent and so did he. All that day I kept on weeping with my tears never ceasing and I could never sleep.

In the morning, my parents were with me and I wept for two nights and a day with my tears never ceasing and I could never sleep until I thought that my liver would burst from weeping. So, while my parents were sitting with me and I was weeping, an Ansari woman asked me to grant her admittance. I allowed her to come in, and when she came in, she sat down and started weeping with me. While we were in this state, Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) come, greeted us and sat down. He had never sat with me since that day of the slander. A month had elapsed and no Divine Inspiration came to him regarding my case. Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) then recited Tashah-ud and then said,

“O Aishah! I have been informed so-and-so about you; if you are innocent, then soon Allah will reveal your innocence, and if you have committed a sin, then repent to Allah and ask Him for forgiveness for when a slave confessed his sins and asks Allah for forgiveness, Allah accepts his repentance.”

When Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) finished his speech, my tears ceased flowing completely that I no longer felt a single drop of tear flowing. I said to my father, ‘Reply to Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) on my behalf concerning what he has said,’ My father said, ‘By Allah, I do not know what to say to Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).’ Then I said to my mother, ‘Reply to Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) on my behalf concerning what he has said.’ She said, ‘By Allah, I do not know to say to Allah’ Messenger.’

In spit of the fact that I was a young girl and had a little knowlege of Qur’an, I said, ‘By Allah, no doubt I know that you heard this (slanderous) speech so that it has been planted in your hearts and you have taken it as a truth. Now if I tell you that I am innocent, you will not believe me, and if confess to you about it, and Allah knows that I am innocent, you will surely believe me. By Allah, I find no similitude for me and you except that of Joseph’s father when he said, ‘(For me) patience in the most fitting against that which you assert; it is Allah (Alone) Whose Help can be sought.’ Then I turned to the other side and lay on my bed; and Allah knew than that I was innocence and hoped that Allah would reveal my innocence. But, by Allah, I never thought that Allah would be recited (forever) as I considered myself too unworthy to be talked of by Allah with something of my concern, but I hoped that Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) might have a dream in which Allah would prove my innocence. But, by Allah, before Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) left his seat and before any of the household left, the Divine Inspiration came to Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).

So, there overtook him the dame hard condition, which used to overtook him, (when he used to be inspired Divinely). The sweat was dropping from his body like pearls though it was a wintry day and that was because of the weighty statement, which was being revealed to him. When that state of Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was over, he got p smiling, and first word he said was, “O Aishah! Allah has declared your innocence! “Then my Mother said to me, ‘Get up and go to him (Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)). I replied, By Allah, I will not go to him, and I praise none but Allah. So Allah revealed the Verses:

“Those who brought forward the lie are body among yourselves……… (An-Nur: 11-20)”

Allah revealed those Quranic verses to declare my innocence. Abu Bakr As-siddiq who used to disburse money for Mistah Ibn Uthahta because of his relationship to him and his poverty, said, By Allah, I will never give to Mistah Ibn Uthatha anything after what he has said about Aishah.’ Then Allah revealed,

“And let not those among you who are endued with grace and amplitude do means resolve against helping their kinsmen, those in want, and those who have left their homes in Allah’s cause, let them forgive and overlook, do you not love that Allah should forgive you? And Allah is oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (An-Nur: 22)”

Abu Bakr said, ‘Yes, by Allah, I would like that Allah forgive me,’ and went on giving Mistah the money he used to give him before. He also added, ‘By Allah, I will never deprive him of it at all.’ Aishah further said, ‘Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) also asked Zainab bint Jahsh (his wife) about my case. He said to Zainab, “What do you know and what did you see?” She replied, “O Allah’s Messenger! I refrain from claiming falsely that I have heard or seen anything. By Allah, I know nothing except good (about Aishah).’ Form amongst the wives of the Prophet Zainab was my peer (in beauty and in the love she received from the Prophet) but Allah saved her form that evil because of her piety. Her sister Hammah started struggling on her behalf and she was destroyed along with those who were destroyed. The man who was blamed said, ‘Subhan-Allah! By Him in Whose Hand my soul is, I have never uncovered the cover (veil) of any female.’ Later on the man was martyred in Allah’ Cause.”

 

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1 Response to "THE BATTLE OF BANU AL-MUSTALIQ"

is Hazrat Nuh (AS) in this battle

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