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In numerous places in the Qur’aan, Allah speaks about incidents about people who lived in ancient times. One such people are a group commonly known as ‘The People of the Ditch‘. They are referred to in the following aayaat of the Qur’aan, in Sooratul-Burooj:

Cursed were the People Of the Ditch. Fire supplied [abundantly] with fuel, When they sat by it [the Fire]. And they witnessed what they were doing against the Believers [i.e.burning them]. They had nothing against them except that they believed in Allah, the Almighty, Worthy of all praise! The One to Whom belongs the dominion of the Heavens and the earth. And Allah is Witness over everything. Verily those who put to trial the believing men and the believing women [by torturing them and burning them] and then do not turn in Repentance will have the torment of Hell and they will have the Punishment of the Burning Fire. [85:4-10]

Further detail regarding the People of the Ditch and on explanation of these aayahs can be found in the following ahadeeth of the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam). He said:

Among the people before you, there was a king and he had a sorcerer. When the sorcerer become old, he said to the king, ‘I have now become an old man; get me a boy so that I may teach him sorcery”. So the king sent him a boy to teach him sorcery. Whenever the boy proceeded to the sorcerer he sat with a monk who was on the way and he listened to his talks and used to admire them. So when he went to the sorcerer he passed by the monk and sat there with him and on visiting the sorcerer the latter thrashed him. So the boy complained about that to the monk. The monk said to him, “Whenever you are afraid of the sorcerer soy to him; My people kept me busy And whenever you are afraid of your people, say to them; The sorcerer kept me busy” So the boy carried on like that (For a period].

(Then one day) there come [on the main road] a huge creature (animal), and the people were unable to pass by. The boy said, “Today I will know whether the sorcerer is better or the monk is better.” So he took a stone and said, “0 Allah! If the deeds and actions of the monk are more liked by You better than those of the sorcerer then kill this creature so that the people can, cross [the road).” Then he hit (it) with the stone and it was killed, and the people passed [the road). The boy come to the monk and informed him about it. The monk said to him, “0 my son! Today you are better than I, you have achieved what I see! And you will be put to trial and in case you are put to trial, do not inform [them) about me.” The boy used to treat the people suffering from born-blindness, leprosy leucodermia and other diseases. A blind courtier of the King heard about the boy. He came and brought a number of gifts for the boy and said, “All these gifts are for you on condition that you cure me.” The boy said, “I do not cure anybody; it is Allah [alone) who cures people. So if you believe in Allah and invoke Allah, He will cure you.” He then believed in Allah and Allah cured him.

Later the courtier come to the king and sat at the place where he used to sit before. The king asked him, “Who has given you back your sight?’ The courtier said, “My Lord, Allah!” The king said, “Do you have another Lord besides me?” The courtier sold, “My Lord and your Lord is Allah I” The king got hold of him and kept on tormenting him until he informed him about the boy. So the boy was brought. The king said to the boy, ‘0 boy! Has your [knowledge of) sorcery reached to the extent that you can cure born-blinds, lepers, leucocdermic patients and do such and such?” The boy replied, “I do not cure anybody it is only Allah who cures.” Then the king got hold of him and kept on tormenting him till he informed him about the monk. And the monk was brought and it was said to him, “Give up your Religion” The monk refused to turn apostate. Then the king ordered a sow and it was put in the middle of his (the monk’s) scalp and was sawn, till he fell, cut in two pieces. Then that courtier was brought and it was said to him, “Give up your religion I” The courtier refused to turn apostate. So the saw was put in the middle of his scalp and was sawn, till he fell cut in two pieces. Then the boy was brought, and it was said to him, “Give up your religion!” The boy refused to turn apostate. So the King ordered some of his courtiers to take the boy to such and such a mountain, saying, “Then ascend up the mountain with him till you reach its top. Then see if he turns apostate, otherwise throw him down from its top.” They took him, ascended up the mountain, and the boy said, “0 Allah Save me from them by anything You wish” So the mountain shook and all of them tell down and the boy came walking to the king. The king asked him, “What did your companions do?” The boy said, ‘Allah saved me from them.”

The King then ordered some of his courtiers to take the boy on board a boat into the middle of the sea, saying, “Then if he turns apostate (all well and good], otherwise toss him into the sea.” So they took him and he said, “0 Allah! Save me from them by anything You wish.” So the boat capsized and all the courtiers) were drowned. The boy then came walking to the king. The King said, “What did your companions do?” The boy replied, ‘Allah saved me ham them.” And he further said to the king, “You cannot kill me till you do what I command” The King said, “What is that (command)?” The boy said, “Gather all the people in an upland place, and fasten me over the trunk of a tree. Then take an arrow from my quiver and fix it in the bow and say: ‘In the Name of Allah, the Lord of the boy’ and shoot (at me). If you do that, you will kill me.” So the king gathered the people in an upland place and fastened the boy over a tree-trunk, took on arrow from his quiver, fixed it in the bow and said, “‘In the Name of Allah, the Lord of the boy’, and shot the arrow. The arrow hit over the temple of the boy, and the boy put his hand over the temple at the point where the arrow hit and then died. The people proclaimed, “We have believed in the Lord of the boy! We have believed in the Lord of the boy! We have believed in the Lord of the boy!” The king came and it was said to him, “That is the thing which you were afraid of, by Allah! The thing which you were afraid of has befallen you: the people have believed [in Allah]!”

So he ordered for deep ditches to be dug at the entrances of the roads and it was done. Then fire was kindled in those ditches, and the king ordered that whoever did not turn apostate be cast into the ditches, and it was done. Then there came a woman with her baby. She nearly retreated back from the ditch [i.e. turned apostate] but the baby [spoke and] said, “0 mother! Be patient, you are on the Truth!” (So she threw herself in the ditch of the fire along with her child, to be with the martyrs in Al-Jannah).” [Saheeh Muslim]

This is the inspiring story of a boy who believed in Allah, remained steadfast against the unbelieving king and gave up his life for the sake of conveying the message of Tawheed to his people. Appropriately, this story was revealed in Makkah at a time when the Makkah pagans were doing their best to annihilate the Muslims and make them return to disbelief. This Soorah, and the explanatory hadeeth along with it, gave them a timely reminder that the persecutors are not beyond the watch of Allah, and in the end, victory will always be theirs.

There are many beneficial points which we too can pick up from this story. It tells us for example, that if someone sincerely seeks the Guidance, then Allah will bestow it upon him, just as Allah guided the boy when he sought Allah’s help in deciding between the sorcerer and the monk. Even though the boy used to admire the teachings of the monk, he did not simply rely on his own personal judgment to decide the important matter of who to take Ilm (knowledge) from. Instead, he beseeched Allah just as we too have been commanded to beseech Allah’s Aid:

“You alone we worship end You alone we ask for help.” [Al-Faatihah 5]

So seeking Allah’s help is not only for worldly matters (eg. passing exams, removing debts etc.], but we should also ask Allah to help us in matters of worship to increase our eemaan, to purify our intentions, to guide us to the best teachers and the best books etc).

PATIENCE AND SUCCESS

The most important lesson that we can learn from this story is the great significance of da’wah to Allah. Through courage, patience and sacrifice, this boy brought a whole nation from shirk to Tawheed. We can see how Allah brings about victory to His Deen at the hands of whomever He wills – even such a young boy – provided they are upon Tawheed. Does this not tell us the key to our victory? That ultimately it is not our weaponry or our numbers which will give us success over our enemies, but our correct belief in Allah and our nearness to Him? Furthermore, does this story not give us o clear insight into what victory really is? Does it not show us that being victorious does not necessarily mean gaining dominance over the disbelievers, or overpowering the tyrannical rulers? For certainty, if this was the case, then the sacrifices of the monk, the young boy and all those people who were flung into the ditch were in vain and they had failed in their purpose. Yet this cannot be, since Allah stated that these people had achieved ‘the Great Success’ .

Clearly therefore, real success and true victory is achieving strong eemaan; that unshakable faith and conviction which can withstand all pressures and all obstacles. One who achieves this unwavering eernaan – such a person – even if he fails to witness Allah’s Law being established on earth; even if he does not get a single opportunity to fight in jihad.and liberate the Muslim lands from tyranny and oppression; even if he himself is slain at the hands of the disbelievers – then he has still succeeded, since no one and no thing was able to sway him from the Truth. And indeed the disbelievers wish for nothing more than to turn us back from our religion.

Thus we should never lose sight of the real goal and the ultimate triumph. We may never get to the battlefields and be slain for the sake of Allah, even though we ardently desire that. We may never be able to guide a single person to the Straight Path, even though we sincerely seek that. We may feel that we haven’t made the slightest contribution to achieving victory for Allah’s Deen, though we have done our best to obtain that. Yet this does not mean that we have failed. Remember that there were Prophets before us who were not able to guide a single person to Tawheed by Allah’s Permission, but in the Hereafter they will be on thrones raised high, in gardens of bliss. The most important thing is that we have safeguarded our eeman and striven hard.

“Verily those who believe and do good deeds,
For them will be Gardens under which rivers flow.
That is the Great Success.” [Al-Burooj (85):11]

May Allah give victory, eeman and patience to the Muslims, Aameen.

An elderly Arab lady was sitting at the trunk of a tree, on the way to Haj. Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mubarak (RA) happened to pass that way. He was also heading for Baitullah, for Hajj, and to the Sacred tomb of the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu -layhi Wasallam). Seeing this lady very disturbed and in a state of despair, he spoke to her. The discussion is recorded as follows:

Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mubarak (RA): Assalamu Alaykum wa Rahmatullah
The lady: The word from a merciful Lord is Peace (Surah 36 Aayat 58). She meant that the reply of salaam is from Allah, Most High, Himself.

She said further: Those whom Allah sendeth astray, there is no guide for them. (Surah 7 Aayat 186). She meant that she has lost her way.

Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mubarak (RA): Where are you coming from?
The lady: Glorified be He who carried His servant by night from the Musjid-e-Aqsa to the Musjid-e-Haraam (Far distant place of worship) (Surah17 Aayat1). She meant that she had come from Musjid-e-Aqsa.

Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mubarak (RA): How long are you in this place?
The lady: For three nights (Surah 19 Aayat10).

Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mubarak (RA): What arrangements are made for your food?
The lady: And who (Allah) feedeth me and watereth me (Surah 26 Aayat 79). She meant that somehow or the other, her food is provided to her by Allah.

Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mubarak (RA): Is there any water for Wudhu?
The lady: And ye find not water, then go to high clean soil and (make tayammum) rub your faces and hands. (therewith) (Surah 4 Aayat 43). She meant that she makes tayammum, due to not finding water.

Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mubarak (RA): Here is some food. Partake of it.
The lady: Strictly observe the fast till nightfall (Surah 2 Aayat 187). She indicated that she is fasting.

Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mubarak (RA): This is not the month of Ramadaan.
The lady: And he who does good of his own accord (for him) lo! Allah is responsive, aware. (Surah 2 Aayat158) Meaning that I have observed an optional (nafl) fast.

Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mubarak (RA): It is permitted to break the fast when in a journey.
The lady: And that ye fast is better for you, if you did but know. (Surah 2 Aayat 184).

Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mubarak (RA): Speak like how I speak.
The lady: He (man) uttereth no word but there is with him an observer ready (Surah 50 Aayat 18). She meant that since every word of a person is observed and recorded, she is taking precaution by speaking only in the words of the Holy Quran.

Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mubarak (RA): Which clan do you belong to?
The lady: Follow not that whereof thou hast no knowledge, lo! The hearing and the sight and heart of each of these it will be asked (Surah 17 Aayat36). She meant those things that you have no knowledge of, nor do they concern you, you are wasting your strength (senses) byenquiring about them.

Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mubarak (RA): Forgive me. I have certainly made a mistake.
The lady: Have no fear this day. May Allah forgive you (Surah 12 Aayat 92)

Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mubarak (RA): Would you like to travel on my camel and meet your caravan?
The lady: And whatsoever good ye do Allah knoweth it (Surah 2 Aayat 197). Meaning that if you will do this good deeds towards me, Allah will recompense you for it.

Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mubarak (RA): Well, then you may mount it. Saying this he made the camel to sit down.
The lady: Tell the believing men (when confronted by women) to lower their gaze. (Surah 24 Aayat 30).

Hadhrat Abdullah understood and (turned) looked away. While she was mounting, the camel jerked and her clothes got strangled in the saddle (dorsers) and she proclaimed:
whatever of misfortune striketh you, it is what your hands have earned. (Surah 42 Aayat 30). In other words she was drawing Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mubarak’s (RA) attention towards this mishap.

Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mubarak (RA) understood and he tied the legs of the camel and he straightened the straps of the saddle (or dorser). She applauded him for his proficiency and capability by saying And we made Sulaiman to understand (Surah 21 Aayat 79).

When the journey was about to begin, the lady recited the Aayats which are read when undertaking a journey. Glorified be he who hath subdued these unto us, and we were not capable (of subduing them). And lo, unto our Lord we are returning. (Surah 43 Aayat 13).

Hadhrat Abdullh bin Mubarak (RA) held the bridle (or nose string) of the camel. He began to hum the (Huddi) famous Arabic song for travelling, and he started walking very fast.

The lady: Be modest in thy bearing and subdue thy voice (Surah 31 Aayat 19). Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mubarak (RA) understood. He began walking slower and he lowered his voice.

The lady: Recite of the Quran that which is easy for you. She meant that instead of humming the Huddi, he should rather recite the Holy Quran. Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mubarak (RA) began reciting the Holy Quran.The lady became very pleased and said but none remember (accept advice) except men of understanding (Surah 2 Aayat 269).

After reciting the Holy Quran for a while, Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mubarak (RA) asked (the lady if she had a husband) (if he was alive) O Aunt, have have you a husband? (meaning is he living)
The lady:
O you who believe, ask not of things which if they were made known unto you, would trouble you (Surah 5 Aayat 101). She meant that no questions should be asked regarding this matter which indicated that her husband has most probably passed away.

Finally they (caught up) met the caravan. Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mubarak (RA): Do you have any son or relative (friend) in this caravan who has connection (contact) with you?
The lady: Wealth and children are an ornament of life of the world (Surah 18 Aayat 46). She meant that her sons were with this caravan and he has provisions with him.

Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mubarak (RA): What work are your sons doing for the caravan? (Hadhrat Abdullah’s object for asking was to make it easy for him to recognise her son).
The lady: And landmarks, and by the star they find a way (Surah 16 Aayat 16). She meant that he is a guide for the caravan.

Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mubarak (RA): Can you tell me their name?
The lady: Allah chose Ibrahim as (for) a friend (Surah 4 Aayat 125). And Allah spoke directly unto Moosa (Surah 19 Aayat 12). By reciting these Aayats the lady informed him that her sons names were Yahya, Ibrahim and Moosa.

Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mubarak (RA) called out these names in the caravan and immediately three young people came forward.The lady: (addressing her children) Now send one of you with this your silver coin unto the city. And let him see what food is purest there and bring you a supply thereof (Sura 18 Aayat 19) In other words she instructed them to feed Hadhrat Abdullah (RA).When the food was brought, she told Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mubarak (RA):Eat and drink at ease for that which ye sent on before you in the past days. (Surah 69 Aayat 24), and with this Aayat she recited another Aayat, the object of which was to convey her gratefulness to him for his good conduct and courtesy. The Aayat was: Is the reward of goodness aught save goodness? (Surah 55 Aayat 60). Their conversation terminated on this Aayat. The lady’s son informed Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mubarak (RA) that his mother has been speaking in this manner, i.e. using only the Aayats of the Holy Quran in her speech, for the last 40 years.

The Holy Qur’aan should be recited daily. Hereunder is mentioned some Ahadeeth with regards the excellence of reciting the Holy Qur’aan. Recite the Holy Qur’aan for It will come as an intercessor for its reciter’ on the Day of Judgement.

Allah Ta’ala says:

If anyone finds no time for My remembrance and for begging My favours due to remaining engaged in the recitation of the Qur’aan, I shall give him more than what I give to all those who beg favours of Me.

The superiority of the Word of Allah over all other words is like the superiority of Allah over the entire creation.
Learn the Qur’aan and recite it, because the example of one who learns the Qur’aan, reads it and recites it in Tahajjud is like an open bag full of musk whose fragrance permeates the entire place. And the person who has learnt the Qur’aan but sleeps while the Qur’aan is in the heart is like a bag full of musk but with its mouth closed.
Whoever recites one letter of the Book of Allah, for him and one blessing is equal to tenfold the like thereof in its reward. I do not say that Alif Laam Meem is one letter, but’ Alif is one letter, Laam is one letter and Meem is one letter.

Envy is not permitted except in respect of two persons — one whom Allah blesses with the recitation of the Qur’aan and he remains engaged in it day and night, and the other is one who given abundance of wealth by Allah and he spends it (in Allah’s path) day and night.

It will be said to the reciter of the Qur’aan (on the Day of Qiyaamah): “Go on reciting the Qur’aan and continue ascending the stages of Jannah; and recite it in the slow manner as you had been reciting it in the worldly life: your final abode will be where you reach at the time of the last aayah of your recitation.

One who recites the Qur’aan and he is well versed in it (i.e. its recitation), he will be in the company of those angels who are scribes, noble and righteous; and one who falters in its recitation and has to exert himself, gets a double reward.

THE EXCELLENCE OF SURAH FAATIHAH

Some Ahadeeth pertaining to the excellence of Surah Faatihah:

The Surah Faatihah is the greatest and most virtuous Surah of the Qur’aan; it consists of the Sab’a mathaani (seven verses which are repeatedly recited) and it (Surah Fatihah) represent the Grand Qur’aan.

I have been given the Faatihatul Kitaab (Opening Verses) from the treasures beneath the Throne.

Once while Jibreel (AS) was seated with Rasoolullah (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim), he suddenly heard from above, a sound of (something) cracking. He lifted his head and said: “This is an angel descending to the earth and never (before this did he descend but this day.” This angel greeted and said: “Be pleased with two (sources of) noor which no other Nabi before you had been given: Fatihatul Kitab and the Khawateem (Closing Two Verses) of Surah Baqarah; you will not recite even one letter of these without being given a reward for it.

THE EXCELLENCE OF SURAH BAQARAH

The Shaytaan runs away from the house wherein Surah Baqarah is recited.

Recite Surah Baqarah for its recitation is a source of blessings and its forsaking is a source of regret and only useless people are unable to recite it.

Everything has a hump and the hump of the Qur’aan is Surah Baqarah.

One who recites Surah Baqarah at night, the Shaytaan will not visit his home for three nights; and anyone who recites it in the day, the Shaytaan will not visit his home for three days.

I have been given the Surah Baqarah from the Lawhim Mahfoozh (in particular).

THE EXCELLENCE OF SURAH BAQARAH AND AALE IMRAAN

Recite the two glittering lustres Baqarah and Aale lmraan; for these two will come on the Day of Qiyaamah as if they are two clouds or shelters or two rows of a flock of birds: they will quarrel (with Allah) to have their reciter forgiven.

THE EXCELLENCE OF AAYATUL KURSI

Aayatul Kursi is the greatest verse of the Qur’aan.It is the leader of the verses of the Holy Qur’aan.

If Aayatul Kursi is recited and blown on one’s belongings or children or it is written and (the written copy) placed among one’s belongings or hung (as a ta’weez) around the neck of one’s children, the Shaytaan will not dare to come even near such belongings and the children.

THE EXCELLENCE OF THE LAST TWO VERSES OF SURAH BAQARAH

Reciting from Aamanar Rasoolu till the end of the Surah will prevent the Shaytaan from coming even near one’s house.

Allah has completed the Surah Baqarah with such two verses that these have been given to me from the treasures kept beneath the Throne: so learn them and teach them to your wives and children for they are a source of mercy, a form of recitation and prayers.

THE EXCELLENCE OF SURAH AN’AAM

It is mentioned In the Hadeeth that when the Surah An’aam was revealed, Rasoolullah (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) said Alhamdulillah/ah. And then he said: “By Allah, so many angels came to convey this Surah that the corners of the heavens became covered with their great numbers.

THE EXCELLENCE OF SURAH KAHF

According to the Hadeeth:

Whoever recites it on the eve of Jumu’ah, it will provide a noor for him from one Jumu’ah till the following Jumu’ah.

Whoever recites it on the day of Jumu’ah, it will provide a noor for him from one Jumu’ah till the following Jumu’ah.

Anyone who recites Suratul Kahf on the eve of Jumu’ah, it will provide a light (noor) for him from where he is till the Baitul Ateeq.

Whoever recites Suratul Kahf exactly as it was revealed, it wilt provide a tight (noor) for him from where he is till the Makkah.

Whoever recites the last ten verses of Suratul Kahf, and if Dajjaal happens to reveal himself (during the reciter’s life time), he will have no influence on him (the reciter).

Whoever continues to recite Suratul Kahf, it will provide a noor for him from where he is stationed till Makkah on the Day of Qiyaamah.

Whoever recites the last ten verses of Suratul Kahf, and if Dajjaal happens to reveal himself (during the reciter’s Life time), he will not be able to harm him at all.

Whoever commits to memory the first ten verses of Suratul Kahf, he will be safeguarded against the crisis of Dajjal According to one riwayah the words whoever commits to memory ten verses have been mentioned. According to another the words last ten verses is mentioned. According to one riwayah the words first three verses is also mentioned

Whoever sees Dajjaal, he should recite before him the opening ten verses of Surah Kahf for, and (according to one riwaayah) these verses afford the reciter safety and protection against the fitnah of Dajjaal.

THE EXCELLENCE OF SURAH TAW HAA, TAW SEEN AND HAA MEEM

Rasoolullah (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) is reported to have said: “I have been given Taw Haa, Taw seen and Haa Meem from the scrolls of Moosa (AS).”

THE EXCELLENCE OF SURATUL YASEEN

Recite Surah Yaseen (morning and evening) especially when in the presence of someone in his dying moments or after he has died, for it is mentioned in the Hadeeth that Surah Yaseen is the heart of the Qur’aan and anyone who recites it for the pleasure of Allah and for the (reward of) the hereafter, Allah Will forgive him; and (also) read it in the presence of a dying person.
(Tawaaseen are those Surahs which begin with Taa Seen and Haa Meem are those which begin with Haa Meem)

THE EXCELLENCE OF SURAH FATH

Rasoolullah (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) said that Surah Fath is most beloved to him from among all the things upon which the sun rises.

THE EXCELLENCE OF SURAH MULK

According to the Hadeeth Tabaarak/Mulk consists of thirty verses: it intercedes on behalf of its reciter until Allah forgives him.

According to one Hadeeth Rasoolullah (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) said: “It is my desire that Suratul Mulk should be in the heart of every Mu’min.”

According to one Hadeeth when punishment is meted out to a person in the grave from the legs, they (the legs) say: you may not punish him for he used to recite Suratul Mulk through me (i.e. by standing in Salaah and reciting it); then when punishment is meted out to him through his chest, stomach and head each them say: you may not punish him for he used to recite Suratul Mulk through me. Hence this Surah saves him from the punishment of the grave. The virtue of this Surah is mentioned in the Tauraah as well. Anyone who recites it in the night, he has accomplished a great deal and he has excelled.

THE EXCELLENCE OF SURAH ZILZAAL

According to one Hadeeth this Surah is equivalent to a quarter of the Qur’aan and according to another, it is equivalent to half of the Qur’aan.

According to one Hadeeth a Sahabi (RA) asked Rasoolullah (Sallallahu-alayhi wasallam): “0 Messenger of Allah, show me (concise) Surah of the Qur’aan which is comprehensive and which I may recite with constancy” Rasoolullah (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) mentioned Surah Zilzaal The Sahabi (RA) said:

“By Him who has sent you as a Rasool, I will never recite much more than this” Saying this, he departed. Upon this Rasoolullah (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) said twice “This poor person has attained salvation’ This poor person has attained salvation”.

THE EXCELLENCE OF SURATUL KAAFIROON

According to a Hadeeth, Suratul Kaafiroon is equivalent to a quarter of the Qur’aan and according to another; its reward is equivalent to a quarter of the Qur’aan.

THE EXCELLENCE OF SURATUL KAAFIROON AND SURATUL IKHLAAS WHEN RECITED JOINTLY

According to the Hadeeth, there are two Surahs which are excellent, and which are recited in the two Rak’aat (Sunnah) before (the Fardh of) Fajr: Kaafiroon and lkhlaas.

THE EXCELLENCE OF SURATUN NASR

According to the Hadeeth, Suratun Nasr is (equivalent to) a quarter of the Qur’aan.

THE EXCELLENCE OF SURATUL IKHLAAS

According to the Hadeeth, Suratul lkhlaas is (equivalent to) a third of the Qur’aan. And according to one 1-tadeeth its reward is equal to a third of the Qur’aan.

Regarding a certain Sahabi (RA) who was an lmaam and he used to recite (mostly) Qul Huw Allahu Ahad, Rasoolullah (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) said “Tell him that Allah loves him”

It is mentioned in one Hadeeth that a certain Sahabi always used to recite Suratul Ikhlaas together with other Surahs in every rak’ah he used to perform. On being asked the reason, he replied that he loved this Surah very much. Upon this, Rasoolullah (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) said “The love for this Surah will admit you into Jannah.”

According to a Hadeeth when Rasoolullah (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) heard a Sahabi (RA) reciting this Surah (with sincerity), he said: “Jannah is a must for this person.”

According to a Hadeeth Rasoolullah (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) said “ swear by the One in whose hands lie my life that Surah lkhlaas is equivalent to a third of the Qur’aan.”

According to a Hadeeth Rasoolullah (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) said: “Anyone who lies down on the bed with intent to sleep, and while lying on his right side recites Qul Huw Allahu Ahad a hundred times, then on the Day of Qiyaamah, The Sustainer will say: “My servant, proceed into Jannah on your right side.”

THE EXCELLENCE OF SURATUL FALAQ AND SURATUN NAAS

It is mentioned in the Hadith that Rasoolullah (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) said to Uqbah bin Aamir (RA): “Should I not teach you two Surahs which are beautiful in recitation?” Then he taught him the above two Surahs. Rasoolullah (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) then advised him to continue reciting them for he would never read any Surahs that are parallel (in beauty and excellence) to these two.

According to one Hadeeth Rasoolullah (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) used to invoke Allah’s protection against the mischief of Jinn and the evil gaze (nazr) of men, (using various words) until Allah Ta’ala revealed these two Mu’aw-wazatain on him. So he held firmly to these and discarded all others.

According to one Hadeeth no one ever begged (of Allah) with the likeness of these Surahs and no one ever sought refuge (in Allah) with the likeness of these Surahs. According to one riwaayah “recite these two Surahs when you go to sleep and when ‘you wake up”.

Rasoolullah (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) is reported to have said:

“Recite Qul A‘oozu birabbil falaq, for you are unable to recite any other Surah which is very much loved and speedily accepted by Allah as this Surah. Thus, as far as you can help it, do not forsake it.” According to a different riwaayah of the same Hadeeth, the following words appear: “You are unable to recite anything that reaches Allah so speedily as does Qul A‘oozu birabbil falaq”.

Rasoolullah (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) is reported to have said:

Haven’t you seen the (beautiful and strange) verses which were revealed during the night? You will not find their like at all. They are Qul A‘oozu birabbil falaq and Qul A‘oozu birabbin naas.

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

Concerning Allah’s Words:


The Apostle believeth in what hath been revealed to him from his Lord, as do the men of faith. Each one (of them) believeth in Allah, His angels, His books, and His apostles. “We make no distinction (they say) between one and another of His apostles.” And they say: “We hear, and we obey: (We seek) Thy forgiveness, our Lord, and to Thee is the end of all journeys.”


On no soul doth Allah Place a burden greater than it can bear. It gets every good that it earns, and it suffers every ill that it earns. (Pray: ) “Our Lord! Condemn us not if we forget or fall into error; our Lord! Lay not on us a burden Like that which Thou didst lay on those before us; Our Lord! Lay not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Blot out our sins, and grant us forgiveness. Have mercy on us. Thou art our Protector; Help us against those who stand against faith.”

Ibn Katheer wrote: Some of the ahadith narrated concerning the Excellence of these two Verses with which Allah (SWT) Hasb blessed us.

1. It is reported on the authority of Ibn Mas’ud from Rasoolillah (SAW) that he said: “Whoever recited the last two verses of suratul baqarah at night, they will be sufficient for him.” [Bukhari]

2. It is reported on the authority of Abu Dharr that he said: “Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said”: “I was given the final verses of Surath Al-Baqarah from a treasure trove beneath the Throne; no Prophet before me was given them.” (Ahmad)

3. On the authority of ‘Abdullah, it is reported that: “When Allah’s Messenger (SAW) was taken on a nocturnal journey (to the seven heavens), he arrived at Sidrat al-Muntaha- a tree in the seventh Heaven and it is at the entrance to the seventh. All things which ascend from the earth stop and are held there as do all things which descend from above (It is with regard to this that).

Allah (SWT) said: “Behold! the Lote tree was shrouded with that which shrouds.” (Qur’an 53: 16) He (the narrator) said: “It (that which shrouded the tree) was (a covering of) golden butterflies.” He further added: “The Messenger of Allah (SAW) was given three things: He was given five prayers, he was given the concluding verses of Surat Al-Baqarah and forgiveness of sins for those (of his community) who do not associate partners with Allah (SWT).” (Muslim)

4. It is reported from ‘Uqbah Ibn ‘Amir Al-Juhani (RA) that he said that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said: “Recite the last two verses from Surat Al-Baqarah, for I was given them from a treasure trove beneath the Throne” (Ahmad)

5. It is reported on the authority of Hudhaifah that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said: “We have been favoured over the rest of mankind with three things: I was given these verses from the end of Surat Al- Baqarah from a house of treasure located beneath the Throne: None before me has been given them, and they will not be given to anyone after me.” (Narrated by Ibn Mardawaih)

6. It is reported on the authority of ‘Ali (RA) that he said: “I do not consider it fitting for anyone who has understood Islam to sleep (at night) until he has recited AyatAl- Kursi-and the ending of Surat Al-Baqarah, for they are a gift to your Prophet (SAW) from the treasure which lies beneath the Throne.” (Narrated by Ibn Mardawaih)

7. It is reported on the authority of An-Nu’man Ibn Basheer from the Prophet (SAW) that he said: “Verily, Allah (SWT) wrote something two thousand years before He created the heavens and the earth, then He (SWT) sent down from it two verses with which He (SWT) sealed (ended) Surat Al-Baqarah (the cow), and if they are not recited in any house for three nights, Satan approaches it.”
(Al-Hakim narrated it thus, and declared it authentic in accordance with the conditions of acceptance applied by Muslim)

8. It is reported from Sa’eed and Ibn ‘Abbas that they said that the Messenger of Allah SAW used to laugh when he read the last verses of Surat Al Baqarah and Ayat Al- Kursi and he would say: “Verily, they are both from the treasure of Allah (SWT), which lies beneath the Throne.” And when he recited: “Whoever does evil will be recompensed accordingly.” (Qur’an 4: 123)

And: (And that man will have nothing except what he strives for and that [the fruit of] his striving will be seen, then will he be rewarded with a reward complete.) (Qur’an 53: 39-41), then he would sit back, at ease.” (Narrated by Ibn Mardawaih)

9. It is reported from M’aqal Ibn Yasar that he said: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “I was given Fatihat al Kitab and the closing (verses) of Surat Al-Baqarah from beneath the Throne…” (Narrated by Ibn Mardawaih)

10. It is reported on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas that when Jibreel was sitting with the Prophet (SAW) he heard the sound of a door opening above and he raised his eyes to the heavens and said: “This is a door which has opened in the heavens which has never been opened before.” And an angel descended from it and came to the Prophet (SAW), and said: “I bring you the good tidings of two Lights which have been given to you and no Prophet before you has ever received them: Fatihat al Kitaba and the final verses of Surat Al-Baqarah; you shall not recite a single letter from them except that it (the reward of the recitation) Will be given to you.” (Narrated by Ibn Abi Laila)

“The Messenger of Allah believes in what has been revealed to him from his Rabb) Allah (SWT) informs us that the Prophet (SAW) has believed in the Revelation given to him from his Rabb. Ibn Jareer reports, on the authority of Anas Ibn Malik (RA), that he said: “When this verse was revealed to the Prophet (SAW), he said-“It is his right that he should believe.” (Narrated by Al-Hakim who said that its chain of transmission is authentic)

As do the Believers) Allah (SWT) has mentioned the Believers along with the Messenger of Allah ( Then He (SWT) says: (Each one of them believes in His angels, His Books and His Messengers. [They say:] ‘We make no distinction between one and another of His Messengers’) The Believers believe sincerely that Allah (SWT) is One (Indivisible), Alone, the Eternal, and that none has the right to be worshipped but He and that there is no Rabb but He (SWT) ; and they believe in all of the Prophets and Messengers, and all of the Books which were sent down from the heaven to the Messengers and Prophets from amongst the slaves of Allah (SWT) ; and they do not differentiate between them accepting some while rejecting others-rather they believe that all of them are truthful, pious, noble, Rightly-guided and Guides to the Path of Goodness, even though the Law brought by some of them abrogates that of others, by Allah’s permission, until He (SWT) abrogated all of them with the Law given to Muhammad (SAW), the Seal of the Prophets and Messengers, upon whose Law the Hour (the Day of Judgement) will come – and there will remain a group from amongst his Ummah clearly upon that Law.

“And they say: “We hear and obey.”” That is, “We hear your Words, 0 our Rabb! And we have understood them and we have acted upon them.”

“[We seek] Your forgiveness, 0 our Rabb.” This is a request for forgiveness, mercy and kindness. It is reported from Ibn ‘Abbas that when the Believer recites these verses, up to the Words: ([We seek] Your forgiveness, 0 our Rabb) Allah says: “You are forgiven.” (Narrated by Ibn Abi Hatim)

“And to You is the end of all journeys.” That is, the return and the final destination on the Day of Reckoning. It is also reported on the authority of Jabir (RA) that when these verses were revealed, Jibreel said: “Verily, Allah (SWT) has heaped praise upon you [O Muhammad] and upon your Ummah, so ask and it shall be given. So he asked that: (OnThe Hour: The Day of Judgement no soul does Allah place a burden greater than it can bear… ) to the end of the verse.” And His Words: (On no soul does Allah place a burden greater than it can bear) means that Allah does not burden anyone with what is beyond his capacity to perform, and this is from His Kindness towards His creatures and His Goodness and Compassion. And this is an abrogation of the Words of Allah (SWT) from which the Companions were in fear:

“And whether you disclose what is in your own selves or conceal it, Allah will call you to account for it” (Qur’an 2: 284) That is, He will call to account and He (SWT) will ask, but a person will not be punished concerning those things over which he had no power, such as the whispering of oneself and one’s speech to oneself, for this Allah (SWT) will not hold mankind accountable. And to abhor the evil whispering is a part of Faith.

“it gets everything that it earns” That is, every good.

“And upon it is everything that it reaps” That is, it will receive the recompense for its evil deeds; and this is in those deeds, which are amongst those over which he had control.

“Our Rabb Condemn us not if we forget or fall into error.” That is, should we neglect any obligation due to forgetfulness, or commit sins for the same reason, or make a mistake due to ignorance of Islamic Law.

It has been authentically reported by Muslim on the authority of Abu Hurairah (RA) that when the slave says these words, Allah (SWT) replies “Yes” (i.e. your prayer is answered). And according to the hadith of Ibn ‘Abbas, Allah (SWT) says: “I have already done so.” It is reported from Ibn’Abbas (RA) that the Prophet (SAW) said:

“Verily, Allah (SWT) has forgiven my Ummah for their (unintentional) mistakes and their forgetfulness and that which they do under duress.” (Narrated by Ibn Majah)

“Our Rabb Lay not on us a burden like that which You laid on those before us.” That is, do not burden us with the obligation of deeds which we may find difficult to perform and cannot bear as You made obligatory for the nations before us.

It is reported by Muslim, on the authority of Abu Hurairah, (RA) that the Prophet (SAW) said: “Allah (SWT) said: “Yes.” and from ibn ‘Abbas, that Allah (SWT) said; “I have already done so.” (Muslim)

“Our Rabb! Lay not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear.” That is, hardship, calamities, and trials-do not try us with those things which are beyond our capacity to withstand.

Ibn Abi- Hatim reports that Allah (SWT) says: “Yes” and in the other (above-mentioned) hadith: “I have already done so.” (Pardon us) That is, for that which is between us and You, which You know about from our omissions and our lapses.

“And grant us forgiveness.” That is for that which is between us and Your slaves, and do not let them know our faults and our evil deeds.

“Have mercy on us” That is, in the future, and do not let us fall into other sins. This is why it is said that the sinner requires three things:

  1. That Allah (SWT) pardons him for that which is between him and his Rabb.
  2. That He (SWT) hides from His slaves that which is between him and them.
  3. That He (SWT) protects him from falling into other like sins. And it has been reported that when the slave makes this appeal, Allah (SWT) says: “Yes” and “I have already done so.”

“You are our Protector.” That is, You are our Protector and our Helper, and upon You we depend, and You are the One Who is asked and You we rely upon, and there is no power and no movement except through You.

“Grant us victory over the unbelievers” That is, those who reject Your Religion (Islam) and disbelieve in Your Oneness and the Message of Your Prophet (SAW), worship others instead of You and assign partners to you from amongst Your slaves. Give us victory over them and let the end result be in our favour against them-in this world and in the Hereafter. And in the aforementioned two hadith, it is said that when the Believer says these words, Allah (SWT) says: “Yes,” and “I have already done so.”

Ibn Jareer reports, on the authority of Mu’adh, that whenever he completed the recitation of this Surah, he would say: “Ameen!” (Oh Allah answer my supplication)


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