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It is imperative to understand that if someone hopes and longs for something then this hope must necessarily include three things:

  • Love of what he hopes for.
  • Fear of losing it.
  • His doing all he can to attain it.

As for a hope that does not contain these three matters then it is nothing but idle desires – hope is one thing and idle desires are something totally different. Therefore every hopeful person is fearful of losing the desired goal and rushes to do all he can to attain it.

At-Tirmidhee reports from the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah (RA) that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said:

“The one who is afraid (of not reaching a place in time) travels by night and the one who travels by night reaches his destination. Indeed the property of Allah is expensive, indeed the property of Allah is Paradise.”

Hence, just as Allah the Glorious has made hope to be the outcome of those who perform righteous action, He has also made fear to be their outcome. Therefore it becomes known that the fear and hope that brings about benefit is when it is accompanied by actions. Allah says:

“Indeed those who live in awe for fear of their Lord; and those who believe in the signs of their Lord; and those who do not join anyone (in worship) as partners with their Lord; and those who give in charity that which they give with their hearts full of fear, because they are sure to return to their Lord. It is these who race for the good deeds and they are the foremost in them.” [al-Mu`minoon (23):57-61]

At-Tirmidhee reports from Aa`ishah (RA) that she said:

“I asked the Messenger of Allah (SAW) about this verse saying, ‘does it refer to those who drink alcohol, fornicate and steal?’ He replied, ‘No O daughter of Siddeeq! It refers to those who fast, pray and give charity while fearing that these actions may not be accepted of them. These are the people who rush to perform good actions.”

Allah has described the people of victory to be those who perform good and have fear and He has described the people of misery to be those who perform evil and live in a sense of security. Whosoever ponders over the lives of the Companions will find them to be lives lived to the full in performing good actions combined with the fear of Allah whereas we combine lack of performing actions, indeed complete negligence in performing actions, with a sense of security!

Here is none other than Abu Bakr Siddeeq saying:

“I wish that I were a hair on the back of a believing servant” as reported by Ahmad. [Reported by Ahmad in ‘az-Zuhd’ (2/13)]

Ahmad also mentioned that he used so say, taking hold of his tongue:

“This is what has led me to my destruction!” [Malik in al-Muwatta]

He used to cry a great deal saying:

“Cry, and if you cannot cry then endeavour to cry.” [Reported by Ahmad in ‘az-Zuhd’ (2/13)]

When he stood to pray then it was as if he was a piece of wood due to his fear of Allah, the Mighty and Magnificent. [Refer to ‘Taareekh al-Khulafaa’ (pg. 104)]

He was given a bird and turned it over saying:

“No game is caught nor tree lopped but because of the glorification it neglected.” [ Reported by Ahmad in ‘az-Zuhd’ (2/15)]

When death approached him he said to Aishah (RA):

“O daughter indeed I have been given this cloak, milker and slave from the property of the Muslims, quickly take it to ibn al-Khattaab.” [Reported by Ahmad in ‘az-Zuhd’ (2/16)]

He used to say:

“By Allah I wish that I was a tree that is eaten from and then truncated.”

Qataadah said:

“It has reached me that Abu Bakr said, ‘woe to me, if only I were grass that would be eaten by the animals.’” [ Reported by Ahmad in ‘az-Zuhd’ (2/17)]

Here is none other than Umar bin al-Khattaab (RA) reciting Surah at-Tur and when he reached the verse,

Verily the torment of your Lord will surely come to pass.” [at-Tur (52):7]

He began to cry so much that as a result he fell ill and the people would visit him. [ Reported by Ahmad in ‘az-Zuhd’ [2/29] and Abu Nu`aym in ‘al-Hilya’ (1/51)]

At the time of his death he said to his son:

“Woe to you, leave me lying on the ground so that maybe He will be merciful to me.”

Then he said:

“Woe to me if He does forgive me” three times and passed away. [Reported by Ahmad in ‘az-Zuhd’ (2/81)]

He would recite a verse during his nightly devotions that would inculcate so much fear in him that he would seclude himself in his house for days to come such that the people would think that he had fallen ill. [Reported by Ahmad in ‘az-Zuhd’ [2/29] and Abu Nu`aym in ‘al-Hilya’ (1/51)]

He used to have two black furrows running down his face due to his crying. [Reported by Ahmad in ‘az-Zuhd’ [2/30] and Abu Nu`aym in ‘al-Hilya’ (1/51)]

Ibn Abbaas said to him:

“Through you Allah has allowed many lands to be conquered and many battles to be won so do as you please.”

He replied:

“I only wish that I can be saved such that my good deeds balance my evil deeds.” [ Reported by Ahmad in ‘az-Zuhd’ [2/34] and Abu Nu`aym in ‘al-Hilya’ (1/52)]

Here is none other than Uthmaan bin `Affaan (RA) who used to cry so much when he stood by a grave that his beard became soaked. [Reported by at-Tirmidhee [no. 2424], ibn Maajah [no. 4267] and Abu Nu`aym in ‘al-Hilyah’ (1/61)]

He used to say:

“It is as if I am standing between Paradise and Hell not knowing which one I am destined for. I would choose to be burnt to ashes before knowing which one I am to go to.” [Reported by Ahmad in ‘az-Zuhd’ [2/42] and Abu Nu`aym in ‘al-Hilya’ (1/60)]

Here is none other than Alee bin Abee Taalib (RA) whose crying and fear of Allah is well-known. He used to be extremely afraid of two matters: excessive reliance on hope that would lead to inaction and the following of desires. He said:

“As for excessive reliance on hope then it causes one to forget the Hereafter, as for vain desires then they divert from the truth. Indeed this world will pass away and ahead of it lies the Hereafter and each one has its offspring. So be the children of the Hereafter and do not be the children of the world for indeed today is the time for action without recompense and tomorrow is the time of recompense with no action.” [Reported by Ahmad in ‘az-Zuhd’ [2/48] and Abu Nu`aym in ‘al-Hilya’ (1/76)]

Here is Abu ad-Dardaa (RA) who used to say:

“The thing I fear most for myself on the Day of Judgement is that it be said to me, ‘O Abu ad-Dardaa` you have learnt but how much did you act upon what you knew?’” [All of the following narrations can be found in ‘az-Zuhd’ of Imaam Ahmad and ‘al-Hilya’ of Abu Nu`aym]

He used to say:

“If only you knew what would certainly happen to you after death – you would never again eat a single bite out of a craving appetite, neither would you drink a single sip of water for the pleasure of insatiable thirst and neither would you resort to your homes seeking shade and comfort. Instead you would go out to the open desert, striking your chests and crying over what is to happen to you. Indeed I wish that I were a tree that is truncated and then eaten from.”

The eyes of Abdullaah bin Abbaas (RA) used to be continuously downcast due to his frequent crying.

Abu Dharr (RA) used to say:

“I wish that I were a tree that is truncated and I wish that I were not created.”

When he was offered charity he used to say:

“We have a goat that provides us milk, a donkey upon which we ride and a freed slave who serves us (of his own free will). I possess a cloak which I do not need and I fear that I will be judged for it.”

One night Tameem ad-Daaree (RA) recited Surah al-Jaathiyah and when he reached the verse,

“Or do those who earn evil deeds think that We shall hold them equal with those who believe and do righteous deeds.” [al-Jaathiyah (45):21]

He began to cry and kept repeating the verse until the morning.

Abu Ubaydah Aamir bin al-Jarraah (RA) said:

“I wish that I was a ram that was slaughtered by my family and then they ate its (cooked) flesh and drank its soup.”

There are many many narrations like this.

Ibraaheem at-Taimee said:

“I have never compared my words to my actions except that I feared that I was a liar.”

Ibn Abee Mulaykah said:

“I have met thirty of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah (SAW) all of them fearing hypocrisy for themselves and not one of them said that he had the faith of Jibraa`eel and Mikaa`eel.”

It is mentioned from Hasan (al-Basree) that he said:

“None but a believer fears hypocrisy and none but a hypocrite feels secure from it.”

Umar bin al-Khattaab used to say to Hudhayfah:

“I ask you by Allah did the Messenger of Allah (SAW) list me amongst the hypocrites?” He replied, “no, and I will not give this tazkiyyah to anyone else besides you.”

Close to this in meaning is the saying of the Prophet (SAW) to the one who asked him to supplicate and make him one of the seventy thousand who would enter Paradise without judgement, “Ukkaasha has preceeded you.” He did not mean that Ukkaasha was the only one deserving of this to the exclusion of the other Companions. Rather the meaning is that had he supplicated then another would have stood and then another and the door to this would have been opened and it is possible that somebody stand who would not be deserving of his supplication and therefore it would be better to withhold. Allah knows best.

  • ALWAYS speak the TRUTH. Never hesitate in speaking the truth even at the greatest risk.
  • Speak only when you must, and always talk with a PURPOSE. Too much talk and useless conversation betrays a lack of seriousness. Your are accountable before Allah for every word you utter. The Angel of Allah records. “A supervisor remains vigilant to preserve on record every speech that is uttered by his tongue.”
  • Always speak POLITELY.
  • Wear a smile on your face and a sweet tone in your speech.
  • Always speak in a moderate voice. Do not keep your voice so low as to be inaudible to the addressee, nor raise it so loud that the addressee might be over-awed by your voice. Allah affirms: “Surely! the harshest of all the voices is the voice of the ass.” [31 : 19]
  • Do NOT spoil your tongue with dirty talk. Do NOT speak ill of others. Never indulge in backbiting. Do not complain against others. Never indulge in mimicking others to ridicule them.
  • Do not make false promises.
  • Never laugh at others, nor boast of your own superiority or indulge in self praise.
  • Never get unreasonable and rash in conversation. Do not pass remarks by a disgraceful name.
  • Avoid swearing frequently.
  • Always say what is JUST and FAIR regardless of any loss of yourself, your friend or relative. “And when you say something, speak what is just even if you are talking about your relative.”
  • Be soft-spoken, REASONABLE and SYMPATHETIC in your conversation. Do not utter sharp, harsh and teasing remarks.
  • When women happen to talk with men, they should speak in a CLEAR, STRAIGHT, and rough manner. They ought not speak in delicate, sweet tone lest the listener should entertain any foul expectation.
  • If the impudent want to entangle you in dialogue or altercation offer them ‘Salaam’ POLITELY and LEAVE them. Those who indulge in loose talk and absurd conversation are the worst lot of the Ummah.
  • Keep in view the mental level and outlook of the man you are talking to so as to make him understand. If the addressee cannot hear or is unable to catch your meaning, repeat what you have said before without any resentment.
  • Always be BRIEF and to the point in your talk. It is unfair to prolong discussion without rhyme or reason.
  • When you wish to explain the tenets of Al-Islam or want to speak on the teachings of Al-Islam be simple and clear and speak in a passionate and HEART-WARMING style. To seek reputation through oratory, to try to impress people with flowery language, to seek popularity among people, to adopt a proud and haughty mien, or to deliver speeches only for the sake of fun and recreation –all these are the worst habits that corrupt the man to the core of his heart.
  • Never indulge in flattery, or ingratiate with anybody. Always mind your honour and respect and avoid anything below your dignity.
  • Do not interrupt and interfere in others’ conversation without their permission, nor intercept others conversation in order to say something yourself. If, however, you must speak, do so with the permission of the other.

  • Speak slowly in a proper and DIGNIFIED manner. Do not speak in a hurried manner nor indulge in fun and jokes all the time as it degrades you in the eyes of others.
  • If somebody puts a question to you, listen CAREFULLY to him and make an answer after careful thought. It is simply foolish to answer the questions without due consideration. If the questions are being put to somebody else, do not be officious as to give answers yourself.
  • When someone is narrating something, do not say “we know already.” Maybe he reveals something new and impresses you by his sincerity and piety.
  • When you talk to someone, give due regard to his age, status, and his relationship to you. Do not talk with your parents, teachers, and elders in a manner in which you would talk with your friends. Likewise, when you are talking to youngsters, speak with affection and elderly dignity.
  • While engaged in conversation, do not point out towards any one lest he should conceive any misunderstanding or suspicion. Abstain from eavesdropping on others.
  • Listen more and talk less. Do not reveal your secrets to others. Once you disclose a secret to someone, never expect it to remain a secret any more.
He was Noah Ibn Lamik, Ibn Mitoshilkh, Ibn Enoch, Ibn yard, Ibn Mahlabeel, Ibn Qinan, Ibn Anoush, Ibn Seth, Ibn Adam the Father of Mankind (PBUH).

According to the history of the People of the Book, (refers to the Jews, and Christians, so called by Allah because they received Revealed Books, Taurat, Zabur and Injeel. These names are translated ‘Torah, Psalms, and Gospels’ respectively, but the books that are extent are corrupt. Of the Revealed Books, ONLY the Quran remains exactly as it was revealed) the period between the birth of Noah and the death of Adam was 146 years. (According to Genesis 5 (new Revised Standard Version), Noah was born one hundred and twenty six years after the death of Adam. Ibn Abbas narrated that the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said:

“The period between Adam and Noah was ten centuries.” (Sahih Bukhari, Noah was born 1056 years after Adam’s creation (or after he left the Garden of Eden).

Thus, this hadith does not contradict the previous statement from the People of the Book as it may first appear to do. The reader should keep in mind, however that any statement or narratives taken from the People of the Book are not necessarily credible. This was taken from Genesis 5.

For many generations Noah’s people had been worshipping statues that they called gods. They believed that these gods would bring them good, protect them from evil and provide all their needs. They gave their idols names such as Waddan, Suwa’an, Yaghutha, Ya’auga, and Nasran, (These idols represented, respectively, manly power; mutability, beauty; brute strength, swiftness, sharp sight, insight) according to the power they thought these gods possessed.

Allah the Almighty revealed:

“They (idolaters) have said: “You shall not leave your gods nor shall you leave Wadd, nor Suwa, nor Yaghuth, nor Ya uq nor Nasr (names of the idols).” (CH 71:23 Quran).

Originally these were the names of good people who had lived among them. After their deaths, statues of them were erected to keep their memories alive. After sometime, however, people began to worship these statues. Later generations did not even know why they had been erected; they only knew their parents had prayed to them. That is how idol worshipping developed. Since they had no understanding of Allah the Almighty Who would punish them for their evil deeds, they became cruel and immoral.

Ibn Abbas explained:

“Following upon the death of those righteous men, Satan inspired their people to erect statues in the places where they used to sit. They did this, but these statues were not worshiped until the coming generations deviated from the right way of life. Then they worshipped them as their idols.”

In his version, Ibn Jarir narrated:

“There were righteous people who lived in the period between Adam and Noah and who had followers who held them as models. After their death, their friends who used to emulate them said: ‘If we make statues of them, it will be more pleasing to us in our worship and will remind us of them.’ So they built statues of them, and , after they had died and others came after them, Iblis crept into their minds saying:’Your forefathers used to worship them, and through that worship they got rain.’ So they worshipped them.”

Ibn Abi Hatim related this story:

“Waddan was a righteous man who was loved by his people. When he died, they withdrew to his grave in the land of Babylonia and were overwhelmed by sadness. When Iblis saw their sorrow caused by his death, he disguised himself in the form of a man saying: ‘I have seen your sorrow because of this man’s death; can I make a statue like him which could be put in your meeting place to make you remember him?’ They said: ‘Yes.’

So he made the statue like him. They put it in their meeting place in order to be reminded of him. When Iblis saw their interest in remembering him, he said: ‘Can I build a statue of him in the home of each one of you so that he would be in everyone’s house and you could remember him?’

They agreed. Their children learned about and saw what they were doing. They also learned about their remembrance of him instead of Allah. So the first to be worshipped instead of Allah was Waddan, the idol which they named thus.”

The essence of this point is that every idol from those earlier mentioned was worshipped by a certain group of people. It was mentioned that people made picture sand as the ages passed they made these pictures into statues, so that their forms could be fully recognized; afterwards they were worshipped instead of Allah.

It was narrated that Umm Salmah and Umm Habibah told Allah’s Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) about the church called “Maria” which they had seen in the land of Abyssinia. They described its beauty and the pictures therein. He said:

“Those are the people who build places of worship on the grave of every dead man who was righteous and then make therein those pictures. Those are the worst of creation unto Allah.” (Sahih al Bukhari).

Worshipping anything other than Allah is a tragedy that results not only in the loss of freedom; its serious effect reaches man’s mind and destroys it as well. Almighty Allah created man and his mind with its purpose set on achieving knowledge the most important of which is that Allah alone is the Creator and all the rest are worshippers (slaves). Therefore, disbelief in Allah, or polytheism, results in the loss of freedom, the destruction of the mind, and the absence of a noble target in life. (By worshipping anything other than Allah, man becomes enslaved to Satan, who is himself a creature and becomes harnessed to his own baser qualities).

Into this environment Allah sent Noah with His message to his people. Noah was the only intellectual not caught in the whirlpool of man’s destruction which was caused by polytheism.

Allah is His Mercy sent His messenger Noah to guide his people. Noah was an excellent speaker and a very patient man. He pointed out to his people the mysteries of life and the wonders of the universe. He pointed out how the night is regularly followed by the day and that the balance between these opposites were designed by Allah the Almighty for our good. The night gives coolness and rest while the day gives warmth and awakens activity. The sun encourages growth, keeping all plants and animals alive, while the moon and stars assist in the reckoning of time, direction and seasons. He pointed out that the ownership of the heavens and the earth belongs only to the Divine Creator.

Therefore, he explained to this people, there cannot have been more than one deity. He clarified to them how the devil had deceived them for so long and that the time had come for this deceit to stop. Noah spoke to them of Allah’s glorification of man, how HE had created him and provided him with sustenance and the blessings of a mind. He told them that idol worshipping was a suffocating injustice to the mind. He warned them not to worship anyone but Allah and described the terrible punishment Allah would mete out if they continued in their evil ways.

The people listened to him in silence. His words were a shock to their stagnating minds as it is a shock to a person who is asleep under a wall which is about to fall and who is vigorously awakened. This person may be alarmed and may even become angry although the aim was to save him.

Noah’s people were divided into two groups after his warning. His words touched the hearts of the weak, the poor, and the miserable and soothed their wounds with its mercy. As for the rich, the strong, the mighty and the rulers they looked upon the warning with cold distrust. They believed they would be better off if things stayed as they were. Therefore they started their war of words against Noah.

First they accused Noah of being only human like themselves.

‘The chiefs of the disbeliveers among his people said: “We see you but a man like ourselves.”‘ (Ch 11:27 Quran)

He, however, had never said anything other than that. He asserted that, indeed, he was only a human being; Allah had sent a human messenger because the earth winhabited by humans. If it had been inhabited by angels Allah would have sent an angelic messenger.

The contest between the polytheists and Noah continued. the rulers had thought at first that Noah’s call would soon fade on its own. When they found that his call attracted the poor, the helpless and common laborers, they started to verbally attack and taunt him:

‘You are only followed by the poor, the meek and the worthless.’

Allah the Almighty told us:

“Indeed We sent Noah to his people (he said): “I have come to you as a plain Warner that you worship none but Allah, surely, I fear for you the torment of a painful Day.” the chiefs of the disbeliveers among his people said: “We see you but a man like ourselves, nor do we see any follow you but the meanest among us and they too followed you without thinking. And we do not see in you any merit above us in fact we think you are liars.” (CH 11:25-27).

Thus the conflict between Noah and the heads of his people intensified. The disbeliveers tried to bargain:

“Listen Noah, if you want us to believe in you, then dismiss your believers. They are meek and poor, while are elite and rich; no faith c an include us both.”

Noah listened to the heathens of his community and realized they were being obstinate. However, he was gentle in his response. He explained to his people that he could not dismiss the believers as they were not his guests but Allah’s.

Noah appealed to them:

“O my people! I ask of you no wealth for it, my reward is from none but Allah. I am not going to drive away those who have believed. Surely, they are going to meet their Lord, but I see that you are a people that are ignorant. O my people! Who will help me against Allah, if I drove them away? Will you not then give a thought? And I do not say to you that with me are the Treasures of Allah nor that I know the unseen, nor do I say I am an angel, and I do not say of those whom your eyes look down upon that Allah will not bestow any good on them. Allah knows what is in their inner selves (regards to Belief). In that case, I should, indeed be one of the Zalimeen (wrongdoers, oppressors etc).” (Ch 11:29-31 Quran)

Noah refuted the arguments of the disbeliveers with the noble knowledge of the prophets. It is the logic of intellect that rids itself of personal pride and interests.

The rulers were tired of Noah’s arguments. Allah the Exalted related their attitude: They said:

“O Noah! You have disputed with us and much have you prolonged the dispute with us, now bring upon us what you threaten us with, if you are of the truthful.” He said: “Only Allah will bring it (the punishment)on you, if He will, and then you will escape not. And my advice will not profit you, even if I wish to give you counsel, if Allah’s Will is to keep you astray. He is your Lord! And to Him you shall return.” (Ch 11:32-34 Quran)

The battle continued; the arguments between the disbeliveers and Noah became prolonged. When all the refutations of the disbeliveers collapsed and they had no more to say, they began to be rude and insulted Allah’s prophet:

‘The leaders of his people said: “Verily, we see you in plain error.” (Ch 7:60 Quran)

Noah responded in the manner of the prophets:

“O my people! There is no error in me, but I am a Messenger from the Lord of the Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists)! I convey unto you the Messages of my Lord and give sincere advice to you. And I know from Allah what you know not.” (CH 7:61-62 Quran)

Noah continued appealing to his people to believe in Allah hour after hour, day after day year after year. He admonished his people and called them to Allah day and night, in secret and openly. HE gave them examples, explained Allah’s signs and illustrated Allah’s ability in the formation of His creatures. But whenever he called them to Allah, they ran away from him. Whenever he urged them to ask Allah to forgive them, they put their fingers in their ears and became too proud to listen to the truth.

Allah the Almighty related what Noah faced:

Verily, We sent Noah to his people saying: “Warn your people before there comes to them a painful torment.”

He said: “O my people! Verily, I am a plain Warner to you, that you should worship Allah alone, be dutiful to Him and obey me, He (Allah) will forgive you of your sins and respite you to an appointed term. Verily, the term of Allah when it comes, cannot be delayed, if you but knew.”

He said: “O my Lord! Verily, I have called my people night and day (secretly and openly to accept the doctrine of Islamic Monotheism), but all my calling added nothing but to their flight from the truth. Verily! Everytime I called unto them that You might forgive them, they thrust their fingers into their ears, covered themselves up with their garments, and persisted (in their refusal), and magnified themselves in pride. Then verily, I called to them openly (aloud); then verily, I proclaimed to them in public, and I have appealed to them in private, I said to them: ‘Ask forgiveness from your Lord, Verily, He is Oft Forgiving; He will send rain to you in abundance, and give you increase in wealth and children, and bestow on you gardens and bestow on you rivers.”

What is the matter with you, that you fear not Allah (His Punishment), and you hope not for reward from Allah or you believe not in His Oneness. While He has created you in different stages. (Ch 23:13-14 Quran)

See you not how Allah has created the seven heavens one above another, and has made the moon a light therein and made the sun a lamp? And Allah has brought you forth from the dust of earth. Afterwards He will return you into it (the earth), and bring you forth (again on the Day of Resurrection) Allah has made for you the earth wide spread (an expanse) that you may go about therein broad roads.
Noah said: “My Lord! They have disobeyed me, and followed one whose wealth and children give him no increase but only loss. They have plotted a mighty plot. They have said: ‘you shall not leave your gods, nor shall you leave wadd, nor Suwa, nor Yaghuth, nor ya’uq nor Nasr (names of the idols). Indeed they have led many astray. O Allah! Grant no increase to the Zalimeen (polytheists, wrongdoers, and disbeliveers etc) save error.”

Because of their sins they were drowned, then were made to enter the Fire and they found none to help them instead of Allah. (Ch 71:1-25 Quran).

Noah continued to call his people to believe in Allah for nine hundred fifty years. Allah the Almighty said:

Indeed We sent Noah to his people and he stayed among them a thousand years less fifty years (inviting them to believe in the Oneness of Allah (Monotheism) and discard the false gods and other deities). (Ch 29:14 Quran)

It happened that every passing generation admonished the succeeding one not to believe Noah and to wage war against him. the father used to teach his child about the matter that was between himself and Noah and counsel him to reject his call when he reached adulthood. Their natural disposition rejected believing and following the truth.

Noah saw that the number of believers was not increasing, while that of the disbeliveers was. He was sad for his people, but he never reached the point of despair.

There came a day when Allah revealed to Noah that no others would believe. Allah inspired him not to grieve for them at which point Noah prayed that the disbeliveers be destroyed. He said:

“My Lord! Leave not one of the disbeliveers on the earth. If you leave them, they will mislead Your slaves and they will beget none but wicked disbeliveers.” (Ch 71:27 Quran)

Allah accepted Noah’s prayer. The case was closed, and He passed His judgment on the disbeliveers in the form of a flood. Allah the Exalted ordered His worshipper Noah to build an ark with His knowledge and instructions and with the help of angels. Almighty Allah commanded:

“And construct the ship under Our Eyes and with Our Inspiration and address Me not on behalf of those who did wrong; they are surely to be drowned.” (Ch 11:37 Quran)

Noah chose a place outside the city, far from the sea. HE collected wood and tools and began to day and night to build the ark. The people’s mockery continued:

“O Noah! Does carpentry appeal to you more than prophethood? Why are you building an ark so far from the sea? Are you going to drag it to the water or is the wind going to carry it for you?”

Noah replied:

“You will come to know who will be put to shame and suffer.”

Allah the Almighty narrated:

As he was constructing the ship, whenever the chiefs of his people passed by him, they made a mockery of him. He said : “If you mock at us, so do we mock at you likewise for your mocking. And you will know who it is on whom will come a torment that will cover him with disgrace and on whom will fall a lasting torment.” (Ch 11:38-39 Quran)

The ship was constructed, and Noah sat waiting Allah’s command. Allah revealed to him that when water miraculously gushed forth from the oven at Noah’s house, that would be the sign of the start of the flood, and the sign for Noah to act.

The terrible day arrived when the oven at Noah’s house overflowed. Noah hurried to open the ark and summon the believers. He also took with him a pair, male and female, of every type of animal, bird and insect. Seeing him taking these creatures to the ark, the people laughed loudly:

“Noah must have gone out of his head! What is he going to do with the animals?”

Almighty Allah narrated:

So it was till then there came Our Command and the oven gushed forth (water like fountains from the earth). We said: “Embark therein, of each kind two (male and female), and your family, except him against whom the Word has already gone forth, and those who believe.” And none believed him except a few. (Ch 11:40 Quran)

Noah’s wife was not a believer with him so she did not join him; neither did one of Noah’s sons, who was secretly a disbeliever but had pretended faith in front of Noah. Likewise most of the people were disbeliveers and did not go on board.

The scholars hold different opinions on the number of those who were with Noah on the ship. Ibn Abbas stated that there were 80 believers while Ka ab al Ahbar held that there were 72 believers. Others claimed that there were 10 believers with Noah.

Water rose from the cracks in the earth; there was not a crack from which water did not rise. rain poured from the sky in quantities never seen before on earth. Water continued pouring from the sky rising from the cracks; hour after hour the level rose. The seas and waves invaded the land. The interior of the earth moved in a strange way, and the ocean floors lifted suddenly, flooding the dry land. The earth, for the first time was submerged.

Allah told the story thus:

He (Noah) said: “Embark therein in the Name of Allah will be its moving course and its resting anchorage. Surely, my Lord is Oft Forgiving, most Merciful.” so it (the ship) sailed with them amidst the waves like mountains, and Noah called out to his son, who had separated himself (apart), “O my son! Embark with us and be not with the disbeliveers.” The son replied, “I will betake myself to a mountain, it will save me from the water.” Noah said: “This day there is no savior from the Decree of Allah except him on whom He has mercy.” And a wave came in between them so he (the son) was among the drowned.

It was said: “O Earth! Swallow up your water, and O sky! Withhold (your rain).” The water was diminished (made to subside) and the Decree (of Allah) was fulfilled (the destruction of the people of Noah). And it (the ship) rested on Mount Judi, and it was said: “Away with the people who are Zalimeen (polytheists, and wrongdoing)!”

Noah called upon his Lord and said, “O my Lord! Verily, my son is of my family! Certainly, Your Promise is true, and You are the Most Just of the judges.” HE said: “O Noah! Surely, he is not of your family; verily, his work is unrighteous, so ask not of Me that of which you have no knowledge! I admonish you, lest you be one of the ignorants.” Noah said: “O my Lord! I seek refuge with You from asking You that of which I have no knowledge. And unless You forgive me and have Mercy on me, I would indeed be one of the losers.”

It was said: “O Noah! Come down (from the ship) with peace from Us and blessings on you and on the people o\who are with you(and on some of their offspring), but (there will be other) people to whom We shall grant their pleasures (for a time), but in the end a painful torment will reach them from Us.” (Ch 11:41-48 Quran)

With the issue of the divine command, calm returned to earth, the water retreated, and the dry land shone once again in the rays of the sun. The flood had cleansed the earth of the disbeliveers and polytheists.

Noah released the birds, and the beats which scattered over the earth. After that the believers disembarked. Noah put his forehead to the ground in prostration. The survivors kindled a fire and sat around it. Lighting a fire had been prohibited on board so as not to ignite the ship’s wood and burn it up. None of them had eaten hot food during the entire period of the floor. Following the disembarkation there was a day of fasting in thanks to Allah.

The Quran draws the curtain on Noah’s story. We do not know how his affairs with his people continued. All we know or can ascertain is that on his deathbed he requested his son to worship Allah alone, Noah then passed away.

Abdullah Ibn Amru Ibn Al as narrated that the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said:

“When the death of the Messenger of Allah Noah approached, the admonished his sons: ‘Indeed I would give you far reaching advice, commanding you to do 2 things, and warning you against doing 2 things as well. I charge you to believe that there is no god but Allah and that if the seven heavens and the seven earths were put on one side of a scale and the words “there is no god but Allah” were put on the other, the latter would outweigh the former. I warn you against associating partners with Allah and against pride.” (Sahih al Bukhari)

Some traditions said that his grave is in the Scared Mosque in Mecca, while others said that he was buried in Baalabak, a city in Iraq.

Mazar-e-Anwar Hazrat Sayyidna Nooh (Noah) (Peace be upon him) in Karak, Jordan. Allah sent Noah to his people to warn them of divine punishment if they continued to worship idols. As stated in the Holy Qur’an in a Sura entitled Noah (Sura 71, verses 1-3): “We sent Noah to his People (with the Command): Do thou warn thy People before there comes to them a grievous Chastisement. He said, O my People! I am to you a Warner, clear and open: That ye should worship Allah, fear Him and obey me”.

The story of Hazrat Nooh (Noah) and the flood is found in a number of different passages in the Quran. Muslim scholars say that the Ark came to rest on Mount Judi and that Noah was buried nearby. Some claim that Hazrat Nooh founded a city called al-Thamanin (i.e. “the Eighty) because there were 80 people on the Ark. Many scholars say that the first city founded by Hazrat Nooh, and where he was buried, was called “Karak.”

Mazar of Hazrat Nooh (Noah) in Baqa’a Valley in Lebanon. Some other scholars say that the Mazar of Hazrat Nooh can be in Jordan OR Lebanon OR Iraq. Allah knows the best.

Prophet Noah’s Ark (Nooh) (Peace be upon him) The Turkish government has also sent their own archaeological team, who recovered four intact metal rods, each about four foot long. These are now in the possession of the Ministry of Mines and Minerals, in Turkey. They have officially dedicated the site as a national park declaring it to be the remains of Noah’s Ark!

Prophet Noah’s Ark (Nooh) (Peace be upon him) When tested the material at Galbraith Laboratories in Knoxville, Tennessee and it proved to be laminated, petrified wood. Tests for carbon showed that samples from the site contained much higher carbon content than the surrounding area. The specimen from the site proved to be 4.95% carbon, while the specimen from the surrounding area, tested at 1.88%. Thus, the specimen from the site had once been living matter. Such sophisticated alloys as iron, titanium and aluminium also proved to be present. With only a superficial inspection, the rib timbers and deck joists are clearly visible along the entire length of the ship.

Prophet Noah’s Ark (Nooh) (Peace be upon him). In 1959, stereo photos where taken by a Turkish airline pilot of a boat shaped object on the mountains of Ararat for The Geodetic Institute of Turkey. It lay 6,300 feet above sea level, much too high to be the remains of a boat from a local flood. It is over 200 miles from the nearest sea. The dimensions were consistent with the Biblical description of Noah’s Ark in Gen. 6:15, measuring 300 cubits long. The width was greater than that mentioned in the Bible as the sides of the boat had splayed, which would be expected in a boat of that age.

Allah (`azza wa jall) says in the Qur’an,

“Say (O Muhammad): ‘If you (really) love Allah then follow me, Allaah will love you and forgive you your sins. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” [surah ali-Imran, 3: 31]

This is a beautiful verse, named by some of the salaf as “the verse of the test”, as it tests how true one’s love of Allaah is. They explained that if one loves Allah, then he must show that in his/her following of the Prophet Muhammad (salAllahu alayhi wasalam). The verse tells us that those who follow the Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) if sincere, can insha’Allah expect the following two:

  • Allah (ta`ala) loving them
  • Allah (ta`ala) forgiving their sins.
One of the ways to manifest our loving of Allah, by following the Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) is to do those acts that he (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) advised his Companions, and the Ummah in general, to do. A sunnah which is certainly relevant to us in these days is his(salAllahu alayhi wasalam) practice to fast six days in the month of Shawwal.

Abu Ayyub al-Ansari narrated that Allah’s Messenger (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) said:

“He who fasts Ramadan, and six of Shawwal, it will be (in terms of rewards) as if the fasted a whole year.” [Muslim, at-Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, Ahmad, Ibn Majah]

So this is an established sunnah, which carries a great reward.

In commenting on the above mentioned hadith, As-San’ani said in Subul us-Salam:

“If the thirty days of Ramadan fasting are assimilated with the six days of fasting in Shawwal, it altogether makes 36 days. According to Shari`ah, each virtue is rewarded ten times. Therefore, if we multiply 36 with 10, it makes 360, a number which equals the days of a year. Some scholars are of the opinion that these six days of fasting in Shawwal must be completed in a continuous order right after the end of Ramadan. Others believe that is enough to merely complete six days of fasting in Shawwal (in any order, either successive or with intervals), an opinion which is deemed to be correct.”

We may also fast on Mondays and Thursdays, as in that case we would be following another Sunnah: A’isha (radiAllahu anha) narrated:

“The Messenger of Allah (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) used to fast Mondays and Thursdays”. [an-Nasa’i]

If it is easier for one to fast on weekends, then in that case one would still be following another sunnah at the same time: Umm Salama (radiAllahu anha)narrated that Allah’s Messenger used to fast mostly on Saturday and Sunday, and he used to say:

“They are the festival days for the mushrikeen, and I like to act contrary to them.”

The benefits of fasting transcend guiding the faster from idle talk and indecent acts. It is a sentinel against disease, providing the faster follows the strict dietary rule: eat during fast-breaking and avoiding over-eating. Allah (SWT) states:

“…Eat and drink, but waste not by excess, for Allah loves not wasters.” (Al-Quran, 7:31)

A great deal of ailments originate from stomach indigestion. This is why they Messenger of Allah (saas) says:

“The son of Adam will never fill a container with something worse and evil than his stomach. It will suffice him some morsels (food) that will keep him on his feet, otherwise, he should divide his stomach into three parts: one third for his food, the other for his drink and the other third for his breath.”(Ibn Hibban)

This hadith indicates that the stomach is the origin of harmful bacteria. Even in the age of sophisticated machines, you can hardly find a machine so fragile but yet so remarkably durable and efficient like the stomach. This is the machine that receives food particles, processes and refines them, and distributes the products to different parts of the body. This is a lifelong operation. For the non-faster, the stomach will have no chance for rest. When the stomach is empty, as a result of fasting, it gets well-desired rest, to renew and rejuvenate its energy. With the fasting, the stomach is forced to go through a discharge whereby harmful residue are eliminated through perspiration as the body searches for food during fast.
During fast, the system of secretion is organized, and this in turn benefits the blood pressure, inhibiting hardening of the arteries. The heart and kidney functions are enhanced as the work load tapers off.
The fast helps to correct the problem of obesity and diabetes. Doctors over the years have used fasting as a prescription for certain ailments.
There was a discussion between Ali bin Husain bin Waquid (raa) and a Christian physician to the Khalifah, Haroon Ar-Rasheed, about Islam’s outlook on the science of medicine and health care. The physician said to Ibn Waquid: “There is not in your Book, Al-Qur’ân, anything about medicine. For if Al-Qur’ân is a book of science, what about this science? Aren’t there two kinds of sciences: the science of the body and the science of the soul?” Ibn Waquid responded: ‘Allah, the Most High has combined both sciences in half of a verse, when He states:

“…Eat and drink but waste not by excess, for Allah loves not the wasters.” (Al-Qur’ân 7:31)

The physician said: ‘Why, then, has nothing been mentioned about medicine from the mouth of your Messenger?’ Ibn Waquid replied: ‘Our Messenger (SAW), has combined the sciences about the medicine in a few words when he says:

“The stomach is the house for disease and prevention is the essence of medicine.”

The Christian physician then said:

Then your book, Al-Qur’ân and your Prophet Muhammad left nothing about medicine for Jalienas (a famous physician of the ancients). (Arkanul Arbaah, An-Nadwi, Darul Qlam, Kuwait)

An American physician published a report on fasting and its benefits saying:

“It is mandatory on every person who is sick to restrain from food certain days in a year whether he be wealthy or poor because if bacteria can find food in abundance in the body, it will grow and multiply. But with fasting it becomes weak.”

He then praised Islam. It should be considered as the wisest religion, for as it mandated fasting it has mandated health care. He continued:

“Indeed, Muhammad, who brought this religion, was the best physician who succeeded in his teachings, for he called for prevention before ailment, that is apparent in fasting and the nightly prayer (Taraweh) that Muslims observe after fast-breaking every day of Ramadan, for these physical acts contain big benefits in digesting food.” (Siyaamuka Ayyuhal Muslim, Abdul ‘Aleem Abdur Rahman, Iraq)

Aa’ishah RAA said:

“When the last ten days (of Ramadaan) would come, the Prophet SAWS would spend his night in worship, wake his family (at night), exert himself and tighten his Izaar (waistcloth).”

This hadeeth is proof that the last ten days of Ramadaan have a special virtue over any other (set of days), in which one should increase in obedience and acts of worship, such as prayer, making dhikr (remembrance) and reciting the Qur’aan.

‘Aa’ishah RAA has described our Prophet and role model, Muhammad (PBUH), with four attributes:

1. He (PBUH) would “spend his night in worship”, meaning he would not sleep during it. Thus, he (PBUH) would remain awake throughout it in worship and he would liven his soul by spending the night in sleeplessness. This is since sleep is the brother of death. The meaning of “spend his night” is that he (PBUH) would spend all of it in the state of qiyaam (night prayer) and performing acts of worship that are done for the sake of Allaah, Lord of the worlds. We must remember that the last ten days of Ramadaan are fixed and numbered.

As for what has been reported concerning the forbiddance of spending the entire night in prayer, which has been mentioned in the hadeeth of ‘Abdullaah Ibn ‘Amr RAA, then it is in regards to someone who does that consistently throughout every night of the year.

2. He (PBUH) would “wake up his family” meaning his (PBUH) pure wives, the Mothers of the Believers, so that they may take part in the profiting of good, the dhikr (remembrance) and the acts of worship during these blessed times.

3. He (PBUH) would “exert himself”, meaning he (PBUH)(PBUH) would persevere and struggle in worship, adding more to his deeds than what he had done in the first twenty days (of Ramadaan). He only did this because the night of Al-Qadr occurs during one of these (last ten) days.

4. He (PBUH) would “tighten his Izaar (waistcloth)” meaning he would exert himself and struggle intensely in worship. It is also said that it means he (PBUH) would withdraw from women. This seems to be more correct since it inclines with what was mentioned previously and with the hadeeth of Anas RAA:

“He (PBUH) would rollup his bed and withdraw from women (i.e. his wives).”

Also, he (PBUH) would observe ‘Itikaaf in the last ten days of Ramadaan and the person who is in the state of ‘Itikaaf is restricted from interacting (sexually) with women.

So, O Muslim brother, strive to characterize yourself with these attributes. And guard the prayer you make in the depths of the night (tahajjud) with the Imaam in addition to the Taraaweeh prayer (which is prayed in the early parts of the night), so that your exertion in these last ten days may go beyond that of the first twenty. And so that you may achieve the attribute of “spending the night in worship” by praying.

And you must be patient in your obedience to Allaah, for indeed, the tahajjud (night) prayer is difficult, but its reward is great. By Allaah, it is a great opportunity in ones life and a profitable thing to take advantage of, for the one whom Allaah grants it to. And a person does not know if perhaps he will encounter one of Allaah’s many rewards during the night prayer, thus serving as assistance for him in this world and in the Hereafter.

The righteous predecessors of this ummah would lengthen the prayer at night, exerting themselves. As-Saa’ib Ibn Yazeed said:

“‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab ordered Ubay Bin Ka’ab and Tameem Ad-Daaree to lead the people in prayer with eleven raka’aat. The reciter would recite one hundred verses, to the point that we had to lean upon wooden staffs due to the long standing. And we would not stop until the early parts of Fajr.”

‘Abdullaah Ibn Abee Bakr reported:

“I heard my father (i.e. Abu Bakr) say: ‘During Ramadan, we would finish (the night prayer) late and we would hurry the servants to present the food (of suhoor) for fear that Fajr (morning) would come upon us.”

There are two struggles of the soul that the believer faces during Ramadaan: the struggle by day with fasting and the struggle by night with qiyaam (night prayer). So whosoever combines these two and fulfills their rights, then he is amongst the patient — those who will “be given their reward in full without any reckoning.”

These ten days are the last part of the month and a person’s actions are based on his last ones. So perhaps, he will encounter the night of Al-Qadr, while standing in prayer for Allaah and thus have all his past sins forgiven.

And one must incite, animate and persuade his family to perform acts of worship, especially in these great times in which no one neglects it except that he has been deprived. What is more incredible than this is that while the people are performing prayer and making tahajjud, some individuals spend their time in forbidden gatherings and sinful events. This is indeed the greatest loss. We ask Allaah for his protection.

Therefore, embarking on these last days means entering into the profiting from righteous deeds in what remains of the month. From the unfortunate matters is to see that some people excel in righteous actions, such as prayer and recitation of the Qur’aan, in the first part of the month, but then signs of fatigue and weariness begin to show on them afterwards, especially when the last ten days of Ramadaan come in. And this is in spite of these last ten days possessing a greater standing than the first ones. Thus, one must persevere in striving and struggling and increase his worship when the end of the month draws near. And we must keep in mind that a person’s actions are based on his last ones.

  • The punishment for those who had taken the Qur’aan and then ignored it and for the one who sleeps through the time of the prescribed prayer.

Samurah bin Jundub narrated that Rasoolillah(SAW) said “…We came upon a man who was lying down, and another standing over him with a rock. He then hit him with the rock, split his head and the rock rolled away. So he followed the rock and retrieved it. When he returned to him his head had returned to how it was previously.The explanation came at the end of the hadeeth by the statement of the two angels to the Messenger of Allah (SAW): As for the first man that you came upon whose head was being split with a rock; this was a man who had taken the qur’aan and then ignored it, and had slept through the time of the prescribed prayers. In another narration, he said:….So this will continue to be done to him until the Day of Resurrection.”

  • The punishment of the liar

We also find in the hadeeth of Samurah bin Jundub: “…We departed until we came upon another man who was lying flat on his back, while another stood over him with an iron hook. He approached the one who was miserable looking. He faced him and ripped open his mouth up to his neck, and his nose up to his neck, and his eye up to his neck. He then went over to the other side and did the same as he had done to the first side. He had hardly completed this side when the other sider eturned to its normal state. He then returned to it and did what he done the first time.” At the end of the hadeeth he said: “…As for the man that you came upon who had his mouth ripped up to his neck, his nose ripped up to his neck, and his eyes ripped up to his neck; this was a man who used to leave his house, spreading lies and circulating them everywhere. In another narration it says: So this will continue to be done to him until the Day of Resurrection.”

  • The punishment of the adulterer and the adulteress.

In the same hadeeth we also find mentioned: “…We departed until we came upon a clay lined pit. I think he said: There was much noise and clamour. We looked into it and saw naked men and women, and a flame was flaring from beneath them. Whenever that flame reached them, they screamed. The explanation about them came in the hadeeth: …As for the naked men and women who were in the clay lined pit; they were men and women who committed adultery.”

  • The punishment for the one who consumes interest.

In the previous hadeeth this is also explained: …We departed until we reached a river. (I think he said: It was red like blood). In this river a man was swimming and on the bank of the river there was a man who had gathered around him many rocks. The one who who was swimming in the river, swam as much as he could, then he came to the one who had all the rocks gathered around him.He opened his mouth for him, and the other man threw a rock into it. He left, and continued to swim. Then he returned to him; and every time he returned to him, he opened his mouth for him and the other man threw a rock into the end of the hadeeth it said: …As for the man whom you came upon swimming in the river, who had rocks thrown into his mouth; he was of those who consumed usury. (Bukhari volume 2, Book 23, Number 468)

  • The punishment for the one who does not protect himself from urine.

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: The most prevalent punishment of the grave is due to urine. [It is in Saheeh al-Jaami’ (3866)]

  • The punishment is increased for the unbeliever because of the weeping of his family over him.

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “Allah increases the punishment for the unbeliever because of the weeping of his family over him.” [Related by an-Nisaa’ee]

  • The dead is punished because of lamentation over him.

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “The dead is punished in his grave because of lamentation over him.” [Related by Bukhari and Muslim. However if he advised them not to lament over him then he is not punished.]

  • The dead is punished because of what some of his family say about him.

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “There is no single person who dies and among his mourners one stands up and cries: O you who we used to rely on! O you who used to support us! Except that two angels will be assigned to him saying: Were you like this.” [Related by Tirmidhee]

  • The punishment for the one who used to carry tales.

It was related from Ibn Abbaas that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) passed by two graves and he said: “Indeed these two are being punished; and they are not being punished for something minor. No, on the contrary it is something very major. As for one of them; he used to carry tales. As for the other, he never guarded himself from his urine.” [Related by Bukhaaree and Muslim]

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